Difference Between Black, White and Yellow Fungus

By K Balaji|Updated : November 30th, 2022

The Difference Between Black, White and Yellow Fungus is that black fungus belongs to Mucormycosis, white fungus belongs to yeast, whereas yellow fungus belongs to Myxomycetes. Fungi are single or multicellular organisms that can be found in multiple habitats. Fungal species that grow in soil are major decomposers that live on dead and decaying matter.

Difference Between Black, White and Yellow Fungus PDF

The difference between black, white and yellow fungus is based on their causes, symptoms, treatment, etc. These fungal species are important for recycling different elements in nature. Some fungal species are parasites that cause diseases in plants and humans. Let us discuss the difference between black, white and yellow fungus in detail.

Difference Between Black, White and Yellow Fungus

Recently, with the increasing cases of COVID-19, a surge in the cases of black, yellow, and white fungus was reported. The difference between black, white and yellow fungus based on some important parameters is mentioned below.

Black vs White vs Yellow Fungus

Difference Between Black, White and Yellow Fungus

Parameters

Black Fungus

White Fungus

Yellow Fungus

Belongs to

Mucormycosis

Yeast

Myxomycetes

Caused by

Mucormycetes

Candida species

Mucor septic

Incidence in Humans

Spores commonly found in air

Common commensal in humans

Found in reptiles like lizards but not in humans

Symptoms

Nasal Congestion

Fever

Headache

Chest pain

Blackened skin tissue

Fever

Chest pain

Coughing

Breathlessness

Headaches

Diarrhoea

Pneumonia

Nasal blockage

Low appetite

Extreme tiredness

Weight loss

Extreme infection can cause pus leakage and slow healing of wounds.

Organ failure

Sunken eyes

Treatment

Antifungal Drug

Amphotericin B

Antifungal Drug Amphotericin B

Antifungal Drug

Amphotericin B

Lethality

Lethal

Mildly lethal

Highly lethal

Black, White and Yellow Fungus

The initial outbreak of black fungus or Mucormycosis was reported in many patients, followed by white and yellow fungus. Experts know the lethal consequences of fungal co-infections in COVID-19 patients with immunocompromised conditions. Thus, it is important to maintain high levels of hygiene and cleanliness while treating patients infected by opportunistic fungal species.

The fungal spores are ubiquitous in our environment but do not harm humans under healthy conditions. They pose a threat to people whose immune systems are weakened due to infection and the use of drugs. The fungal infections caused by opportunistic fungal species can commonly lead to cases of hospitalization and death.

The Indian government, under "Mission COVID Suraksha," channelized the power of public-private partnerships to increase the production of COVID vaccines and the antifungal drug Amphotericin B to combat COVID and related fungal infections.

Black Fungus

Black fungus, also known as mucormycosis, can affect a patient's face, nose, eye orbit, and even brain, which can cause vision loss. The lungs can become infected by this kind of fungus as well.

According to research, people with diabetes, those who have Covid-19, and people who have taken steroids for a long time are more likely to contract black fungus. It has been claimed that even a prolonged stay in the intensive care unit can raise the risk of black fungus.

White Fungus

Recent cases have shown that white fungus are more deadly than black fungus. Doctors have also stressed that if the fungus is not treated in a timely manner, it could be fatal. It has a negative impact on the lungs and may harm the digestive system, brain, and respiratory system.

People with inadequate immunity are the main targets of white fungus infections. Additionally, environments with mould and poor sanitation are the ideal setting for anyone to get this infection.

Yellow Fungus

The third form of fungus to be identified so far is a yellow fungus, which is the deadliest of the three. Even though there is little information about the infection, it is crucial to understand that it begins in unhygienic settings.

A larger risk of contracting the yellow fungus is allegedly present in people who live in unhygienic environments. Additionally, it can be brought on by eating contaminated food, abusing steroids excessively, taking antimicrobial drugs, and not getting enough oxygen.

Preventive Measures to Reduce Black, White and Yellow Fungus

The majority of fungal infections are caused in patients with weak immune systems. It is important to take the following precautions around patients to reduce the chances of fungal infections.

  • Maintain good hygiene
  • Keep the surroundings clean
  • Maintain humidity levels between 30 to 40 percent.
  • Spoiled food should not be consumed.

Patients affected with fungal infections should be immediately reported for quick treatment.

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FAQs on Difference Between Black, White and Yellow Fungus

  • The difference between black, white and yellow fungus is that black fungus is the infection caused by micromycetes, while white fungus is caused by candida species, a common commensal of the human oral cavity. Yellow fungus is caused by Mucor septic which was only found in reptiles to date

  • Based on their causes, the difference between black, white and yellow fungus is that black, white, or yellow fungi infections are all predatory illnesses, meaning they target people with compromised immune systems. Due to a lack of immunity, the fungus can infiltrate, disseminate, and kill the tissue.

  • Patients should maintain clean surroundings, good hygiene, and a humidity of 30 to 40 percent in order to avoid black, white and yellow fungal infections

  • Fungal spores are present in our environment but do not cause infections in humans. However, patients with COVID-19 demonstrate low immunity levels. The opportunistic fungus takes advantage of the weakened immunity of patients and causes infections

  • The main difference between black, white and yellow fungus is based on the symptoms of these infections.

    • Black Fungus: Visual haziness, facial pain on one side, toothache, chest pain, and asthma.
    • White Fungus: Chest, cough, shortness of breath, dizziness, discomfort in one or more body parts, an infection, or swelling.
    • Yellow Fungus: Appetite loss, sunken eyes, and weight loss.

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