The Maratha Empire's Legacy
- In India's politics and history, the Maratha Empire did bring about numerous significant developments, some of which are listed below:
- As Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's core values, religious tolerance and plurality served as the foundation for the empire.
- The Maratha Empire has had a long history of promoting talented individuals into leadership positions, making it one of the most socially mobile governments. Notably, the Peshwas of the Bhatt dynasty came from ordinary beginnings, and Haider Ali Kohari, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's most dependable secretary, was born into poverty.
- The empire also built a sizable navy to protect its western coast from other maritime powers like the British and Portuguese.
Did the Marathas defeat the Mughals?
The Mughal-Maratha Wars, which had begun in 1680, was won by the Marathas by 1707. The lengthy and grueling war had entirely exhausted the Mughal coffers, and following Aurangzeb's death, its military fortunes began to decline even further. In 1757, they had stretched their Empire to Peshawar when they entered Delhi, the Mughal capital.