Describe the Powers and Functions of the Prime Minister of India

By Esha Dhawan|Updated : June 22nd, 2022

As you know, the Prime Minister of India is not only the head of the country but also the head of the government. The PM is appointed by the Indian President after a particular political party wins the general elections. The leader of that party who is nominated for the position is chosen as the PM of the country. Wondering what are the powers and functions of prime minister of India? Keep reading to find out.

Table of Content

Powers and functions of the Prime Minister

As the head of the country, the PM performs various functions such as:

  • Leader of the Country: The PM of India is the Chief Head of the Indian Government.
  • Cabinet Chairman: The Indian PM is the chairman of the cabinet responsible for conducting cabinet meetings. He/she can implement his/her decision in cases of conflict and opinion differences.
  • Portfolio allocation: The PM has the power to assign respective portfolios to the Ministers in their cabinet.
  • Link between the cabinet and the President: The PM acts as the link between the Indian President and the cabinet. He communicates the decisions of the Cabinet and proposals for legislation to the Indian President.
  • Chief Advisor: The PM is the chief advisor to the President of the country. 
  • The official representative of the country: The PM represents India at high-level international meetings and is the country’s ambassador.

Lastly, the PM is the head of many organisations and programs like NITI Aayog, Department of Atomic Energy, Nuclear Command Authority, Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Department of Space and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances as well as Pensions.

Summary:

What are the powers and functions of the Indian Prime Minister?

There are numerous powers and functions of prime minister of India as he/she is the leader of the government and the country. Some of their powers include being the Chief Advisor to the President and being the link between the President and the cabinet. 

Furthermore, the PM is the official ambassador of the country and chairman of the cabinet where they must allocate the portfolios to the ministers. Finally, the PM is also the head of important organisations like NITI Aayog, Department of Atomic Energy, Nuclear Command Authority, and more. 

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FAQs

  • Some of the  powers and functions of prime minister include:

    • Leader of the Country
    • Chairman of the Cabinet
    • Portfolio allocation
    • The link between the President and the Cabinet
    • Chief Advisor to the President of the country. 
    • The official representative of the country


  • No, the powers and functions of prime minister of India don’t include appointing the Indian President. The Indian President is elected by the members of the Legislative Assemblies of States and UTs as well as the House of Parliament.



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