Geographical Conditions Required for the Growth of Rice
Rice is cultivated in India in different climatic and altitude conditions. Rice is grown in India from 8 to 35° North latitude and 3000 meters above sea level. A warm, humid environment is essential for rice production. It works best in areas with high humidity, constant sunlight, and a reliable water supply. The crop requires an average temperature between 21 and 37 °C for its life span, and 400 °C to 42 °C is the highest temperature the crop can tolerate.
- Rice can be grown in various soil types, including silt, loam, and gravel, although impermeable clay is the best for alluvial soil.
- Almost all of India's states produce rice, but most of it is grown in river valleys, deltas, and coastal plains.
- West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, Odisha, Karnataka, Assam, and Maharashtra are the states that produce the most rice.