Describe the Geographical Conditions Required for the Growth of Rice.

By Shivank Goel|Updated : October 3rd, 2022

The geographical conditions required for the growth of rice are a hot and humid atmosphere. Its scientific name is Oryza sativa. It is most likely a descendant of a type of wild grass that was initially domesticated in the foothills of the far Eastern Himalayas. According to a different school of thinking, the rice plant may have originated in southern India before migrating to the north and eventually China. In this post, we will discuss the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.

Geographical Conditions Required for the Growth of Rice

Rice is cultivated in India in different climatic and altitude conditions. Rice is grown in India from 8 to 35° North latitude and 3000 meters above sea level. A warm, humid environment is essential for rice production. It works best in areas with high humidity, constant sunlight, and a reliable water supply. The crop requires an average temperature between 21 and 37 °C for its life span, and 400 °C to 42 °C is the highest temperature the crop can tolerate.

  • Rice can be grown in various soil types, including silt, loam, and gravel, although impermeable clay is the best for alluvial soil.
  • Almost all of India's states produce rice, but most of it is grown in river valleys, deltas, and coastal plains.
  • West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, Odisha, Karnataka, Assam, and Maharashtra are the states that produce the most rice.

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FAQs on the Geographical Conditions Required to Grow Rice

  • A hot and humid climate is the geographical condition for the Growth of Rice. It needs an average temperature between 21 and 37 °C for its life span.

  • Although it originated in tropical lowlands and needs a long, warm growing season, California and certain Southeastern states are where rice is commercially grown. In USDA hardiness zones 9b through 10a, it flourishes. It can be cultivated anywhere that experiences at least three months of the year with nights over 60 degrees.

  • Silts, loams, and gravels are just a few of the several types of soil on which rice can grow. Both acidic and alkaline soils are acceptable to it. However, clayey loam is an ideal soil type for growing this crop. It is simple to turn clayey soil into mud, which makes it simple to transplant rice seedlings.

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