Describe any three technological and institutional reforms made in the field of agriculture in India.

By Ritesh|Updated : November 10th, 2022

The technological and institutional reforms made in the field of agriculture in India are collectivisation, consolidation of holdings, cooperation, and the abolition of zamindari. The process of establishing the conditions necessary for the agricultural potential to be realised is referred to as agricultural development. Among these conditions are knowledge accumulation, the accessibility of technology, and the distribution of outputs and inputs.

By creating the ideal conditions for farming, agricultural development lowers poverty and saves lives by enabling the effective planting, harvesting, and processing of food. Techniques for pest management are employed to expand agriculture.

Agriculture-related institutional and technological changes achieved in India

Agriculture development refers to helping crop producers or farmers by offering them various forms of support in the agricultural industry. Agriculture development includes things like offering security, assisting with research, using cutting-edge methods, preventing pests, and promoting diversity.

  • Land reforms: Collectiveization, holdings consolidation, cooperation, and zamindari abolition.
  • The White Revolution and Green Revolution in agriculture.
  • Land development programs: construction of Grameen banks, cooperative societies, and banks for loaning money, as well as the purchase of crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclones, etc.
  • Providing personal accident insurance plans and Kissan credit cards, among other things.
  • Special radio and television weather reports and agricultural programs geared toward farmers.

Summary:

Describe any three technological and institutional reforms made in the field of agriculture in India.

Collectivization, holding consolidation, cooperation, and the elimination of zamindari are examples of technological and institutional changes implemented in India's agricultural sector.

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