Define Land Degradation. Explain With Causes and Control Measures

By Esha Dhawan|Updated : August 27th, 2022

Have you heard of land degradation? It has been a fairly common phenomenon for the past few decades. It refers to the loss of biological and economic productivity of a piece of land due to various processes induced by humans. To put it simply, land degradation can be defined as the reduction and loss of fertility of the land and the quality of its soil due to human activities. For instance, land degradation majorly affects agriculture and food security as soil erosion and pollution can make it difficult to grow healthy crops.

Answer:

Land degradation is a process where the value and productivity of land are reduced due to human activities

Let’s take a look at a few causes of land degradation:

  • Drought
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil pollution
  • Overgrazing
  • Repeated extraction of minerals

Here are some control measures that can help against land degradation

  • Controlling mining activities.
  • Planting sheltering belts for plants.
  • Afforestation and proper management of grazing land.

Summary:

Define Land Degradation. Explain With Causes and Control Measures

Land degradation refers to the reduction in value and productivity of a piece of land generally caused by human intervention and activities. Some causes of land degradation include drought, soil pollution, soil erosion and overgrazing. Planting more and more trees (afforestation) and controlling mining activities can help control land degradation to some extent.

 

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