Vitamins and minerals are essential for human beings, need to be taken in daily diet. There are a total of 13 essential vitamins and minerals, required by the body for the proper functioning of the body.
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Vitamin is a combination of two Latin words "Vita" and "amine" which means life and nitrogen, respectively. Vitamins act as a catalyst for the generation of energy by using fats and carbohydrates properly. Humans can't live without them. The human body does not produce them (except vitamin D and vitamin B3). Humans take them through different sources such as food, vitamin capsules, etc.
There are two types of Vitamin
- Fat-soluble vitamins: Which are dissolved in fat
- Water-soluble vitamins: Which are dissolved in water
Milk, liver, nuts, tomatoes, oranges, carrots, green leafy vegetables, ripe yellow fruits, etc
Fish, egg, liver, beef, cod, chicken breast, etc
Pumpkin, guava, mango, Potatoes, Milk, nuts, seeds etc.
Cashew nuts, beef, tomatoes, broccoli, etc. chestnuts
broccoli, sweet potato, pineapple, cauliflower, kale, lemon juice, parsley, Guava, bell pepper, kiwi, orange, grapefruit, strawberries, Brussels sprouts, cantaloupe, papaya, etc
|Fresh fruits, potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, corn, cashew nuts, wheat, milk, black beans, dates etc|
Almonds, soybeans/tempeh, mushrooms, spinach, whole wheat, yoghurt, mackerel, eggs, liver, etc.
cracks, fissures and sores at the corner of mouth and lips, dermatitis, conjunctivitis, photophobia, glossitis of tongue, anxiety, loss of appetite, and fatigue.
Carrots, almonds, celery, turnips, peaches, chicken meat, tuna, salmon, mushrooms, asparagus, peanuts, brown rice, corn, green leafy vegetables, sweet potato, potato, lentil, barley, etc.
Broccoli, lentils, split peas, avocado, whole wheat, mushrooms, sweet potato, sunflower seeds, cauliflower, etc.
Whole wheat, brown rice, green leafy vegetables, sunflower seeds, potato, garbanzo beans, banana, trout, spinach, tomatoes, avocado, walnuts, peanut butter, etc
Green leafy vegetables, most nuts, whole-grain bread, avocado, raspberries, cauliflower, carrots, etc.
Green leafy vegetables, asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, citrus fruits, black-eyed peas, spinach, great northern beans, whole grains, baked beans, etc.
Fortified cereals, liver, trout, salmon, tuna, haddock, egg, etc.
Minerals help in the growth of the human body, found in nature, and their deficiency could lead to several disorders.
Asparagus, green leafy vegetables,sea vegetables, iodized salt, eggs, strawberries,etc
Essential for Healthy hair, nails, skin and teeth. Also controls the growth and weight of the body
Impairs growth and neurological development. Deficiency can also result in the decreased production of thyroid hormones and hypertrophy of the thyroid.
Green leafy vegetables, legumes, Milk, etc
Required for healthy bones, teeth and immune system
Long-term inadequate intake can result in low bone mineral density, rickets, osteomalacia and osteoporosis.
Any processed foods, whole grains, legumes, nuts, seeds, vegetables
Helps in the regulation of blood pressure and blood volume. It also helps in the proper the functioning of nerves and muscles
Low blood sodium mostly result of increased fluid retention. One may notice nausea, vomiting, headache, cramps, fatigue, and disorientation.
Seafood, corn, wild rice, nuts, seeds, whole grains, eggs, fish, buckwheat, etc.
It, along with the Calcium, is required for the formation of bones, teeth, etc.
Premature infants, those who use antacids, alcoholics etc are more at risk.
Legumes, nuts, seeds, whole grains, fruits.
|Magnesium plays an important role in relaying signals between your brain and body.|
Very rare because of the abundance of magnesium in foods. Those with gastrointestinal disorders, kidney disorders, and alcoholism are at risk.
Question.1 Which of the following pairs of vitamin and disease is/are correctly matched?
1) Vitamin A: Rickets
2) Vitamin B1: Beriberi
3) Vitamin C: Scurvy
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
- 2 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3
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