The English of almost every BBA & HM exam includes questions from the topic “Sentence Improvement”. This topic is considered to be quite important and generally every year a good number of questions are asked on this topic.
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Exam Notes: Para Jumbles
Para jumbles are jumbled paragraphs. They are a set of connected statements in random order, which, when unjumbled create a meaningful paragraph.
The name also knows para jumbles of Sentence Rearrangement.TYPES OF PARA JUMBLES:
- In some Para jumbles, the candidates are given the first or the opening sentence of the Jumbled paragraph, and they’re required to unjumble the remaining sentences and put them in the correct sequence to make a meaningful paragraph.
- In some Para jumbles, the closing/ending sentence is provided, and the candidates are required to use that sentence to rearrange and unjumble the remaining sentences to make a meaningful paragraph.
- In some Para jumbles, both the introductory and closing (concluding) sentences are given, and the candidates are required to set the remaining sentences or the middle part of the para in the correct sequence. These are considered as the easiest Para jumbles to solve.
- At last in some cases, neither the introductory nor the closing(ending) sentences are given. The candidates are required to unjumble and organize them in a proper sequence.
A lot of information provided in para jumbles questions is unnecessary for the purpose at hand, i.e., sorting the sentences.
Here are a few tips to solve para jumbled:
1. Read the Para jumble.
Take a quick scan of the Para jumbled sentences and try to understand what the para is all about. This will help you find out the central theme of the para jumble and build the sequence of the given statements around it in the correct order.
2. Look for an Introductory Sentence.
In a Paragraph, the introductory sentence usually introduces a person/place/topic or idea and establishes a scene around it. An opening sentence is the one that gives the details. On the other hand, a closing sentence is the one that has a conclusion. You could also try to find the closing sentence; this sentence will generally be a concluding statement which usually starts with words like ‘therefore’ ‘hence’ etc. The closing sentence will conclude what has already been mentioned in the paragraph.
3. Connecting the Sentences
Once, you have spotted the introductory and closing sentences, try connecting and teaming up the given jumbled sentences based on various factors.
POINTS TO KEEP IN MIND:
Some Para jumbles talk about particular actions or activities. Understanding the order of the events will help you unjumble the sentences. Start by finding out the first event, which will enable you to create a sequence and solve the question.
ACRONYMS AND SHORT FORMS:
In Para jumbles, we encounter full forms and short names, sometimes acronyms of some term or institutions. Some Para jumbles contain a sentence with a full-form and another sentence (s) with its abbreviations. The sentence with the full-form comes first, followed by the sentence with the acronyms. Abbreviations are always introduced with their full-form in the preceding sentences.
EXAMPLES AND IDEAS:
Ideas or concepts mentioned in the statements always precede the examples. Some Para jumbles contain ideas and examples of those ideas. Thus, the examples always follow the ideas.
Connectives are words that connect two sentences. Some connectives are: After, When, Because, Alternatively, Although, Though, Yet, Until, Since, besides, yet, then, consequently, notwithstanding, meanwhile etc. The sentence which contains these connectives are never the opening sentences; they always talk about something already mentioned in the previous sentence.
Sometimes Para jumbles contain a time sequence, i.e., words indicating a time sequence, such as dates, years, or locutions like, before, later, after, when, etc. These words can help you rearrange the sentences according to the right time sequence when a given set of statements contains a reference to time-based events, make sure to maintain a particular order that is past-present-future or vice-versa.
In case of hurry, when you have spotted the correct opening and closing sentences of the paragraph, you can always turn to the elimination technique and eliminate the given option which contains the incorrect opening and closing sentence sequence.
This will help you solve the Para jumbles Quickly and efficiently.
Concluding sentences generally start with words like in conclusion, hence, thus, and usually they are suggestion or summaries. By knowing this, you can easily conclude the para jumbled questions.
Para jumbles Exercise:
- To read the characters or the letters of the text does not mean reading in the true sense of the word.
- This mere mechanism of reading becomes altogether automatic at an early period of life. B. You will often find yourself reading words or characters automatically, while your mind is concerned with a different subject.
- This can be performed irrespective of attention.
- Neither can I call it reading when it is just to extract the narrative portion of a text from the rest solely for one’s amusement
- Including some that cause the common cold to some
- Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses,
- That cause major diseases such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
- And the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).
- Shivraj Singh Chouhan, who was sworn in.
- Proved his majority in the Assembly on Tuesday.
- As the chief minister of Madhya Pradesh on Monday night
- The Bharatiya Janta Party leader (BJP),
- The word “neither” in Sentence D will tell you that there is something additional that the writer wishes to discuss. Sentences 1, A, B and C all talk about the same idea. Therefore, Sentence D should be the last sentence. So, option (a) is the answer.
- The opening sentence gives the introduction to the context. Therefore, Sentence B becomes the first sentence. Sentence A should be next in the sequence telling us about the types of viruses. Sentence C points out the types of diseases those viruses can cause that's why it should be next in the sequence. Lastly sentence D finishes the paragraph. Thus, option (3), i.e. BACD, is the correct answer.
- Sentence D will be first in the sequence as it is giving an introduction to the context. Next comes Sentence A mentioning the name of the minister, then sentence C, and at last sentence B. Thus, Option B, Sequence DACB is correct.
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