Daily Current Affairs 07/09/2021
New Development Bank admits UAE, Uruguay and Bangladesh as new members
Why in News
- The New Development Bank (NDB) has admitted the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Uruguay and Bangladesh as the first batch of new members as part of its expansion drive.
- New Development Bank has initiated its membership expansion and started formal negotiations with prospective members in late 2020.
- After a round of successful negotiations, NDB approved the admission of the UAE, Uruguay and Bangladesh as its first new member countries.
- New members will have in NDB a platform to foster their cooperation in infrastructure and sustainable development.
About New Development Bank (NDB):
- It is a multilateral development bank established by the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries.
- It is headquartered in Shanghai, China.
- On 15 July 2014, the first day of the 6th BRICS summit held in Fortaleza, Brazil, the BRICS states signed the Agreement on the New Development Bank.
Authorized Capital: NDB has an authorized capital of US$ 100 billion, which is open for subscription by members of the United Nations.
- Since the beginning of its operations, the bank approved about 80 projects in all of its members, totalling a portfolio of USD 30 billion.
Projects: Projects in areas such as transport, water and sanitation, clean energy, digital infrastructure, social infrastructure and urban development are within the scope of the bank.
BGCI launches the State of the World's Trees Report 2021
Why in News
- Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) launched the State of the World's Trees Report 2021.
- Almost a third of the world’s tree species are at risk of extinction, while hundreds are on the brink of being wiped out.
- According to the State of the World’s Trees report 17,500 tree species – some 30% of the total – are at risk of extinction, while 440 species have fewer than 50 individuals left in the wild.
- Among the most at-risk trees are species including magnolias and dipterocarps – which are commonly found in Southeast Asian rainforests. Oak trees, maple trees and ebonies also face threats.
- Thousands of varieties of trees in the world’s top 6 countries for tree-species diversity are at risk of extinction. The greatest single number is in Brazil. The other 5 countries are Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Colombia and Venezuela.
- The top three threats facing tree species are crop production, timber logging and livestock farming, while climate change and extreme weather are emerging threats.
Need of saving Trees:
- Trees help support the natural ecosystem and are considered vital for combating global warming and climate change.
- They store 50% of the world’s terrestrial carbon and provide a buffer from extreme weather, such hurricanes and tsunamis.
India’s Related Initiatives:
- National Mission for a Green India
- Nagar Van (Urban Forest) Scheme
- Sankalp Parva
- National Afforestation Programme
- Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act
Source: Indian Express
Tokyo 2020 Paralympics Games
- Place: Tokyo, Japan (24 August- 5 September 2021)
- 16th Paralympics Mascot: Someity
India at Tokyo Paralympics:
- India’s flag bearers in the opening ceremony- Tek Chand (Shot-putter)
- India’s flag bearers in the closing ceremony- Avani Lekhara (Shooter)
- Avani Lekhara won the Gold Medal in Shooting. She became the first Indian woman to win a Gold medal at the Paralympics Games. She is only the Indian to win multiple medals in a single edition of the Games (1 Gold, 1 Bronze in Shooting in Tokyo 2020 Paralympics Games).
- Sumit Antil won the Gold medal in Javelin throw.
- Pramod Bhagat won the Gold Medal in Badminton.
- Manish Narwal won the Gold Medal in Shooting.
- Krishna Nagar won the Gold Medal in Badminton.
Assam cabinet drops Rajiv Gandhi’s name from Orang National Park
Why in News
- The Assam Cabinet has decided to drop former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s name from the Orang National Park.
- Now the Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park will be known as the Orang National Park.
- The decision to restore the original name of Orang National Park was taken following requests from the Adivasi groups in the State.
About Orang National Park:
- Situated about 120 km north-east of Guwahati, the 79.28 sq. km Orang is one of Assam’s seven national parks and among the top three rhino habitats.
- It also has one of the highest density of tigers in the country.
- Orang was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1985 and was upgraded to a national park in 1999.
- It became the Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park during the Congress government headed by Tarun Gogoi.
- The national park was declared a Tiger Reserve by the National Tiger Conservation Authority in March 2016.
Note: Assam currently has seven national parks: Kaziranga, Manas, Orang, Nameri, Dibru-Saikhowa and more recently, Raimona and Dehing Patkai.
Source: The Hindu
J B Mohapatra appointed CBDT chairman
- The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of J B Mohapatra, as chairman, Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
- He has been holding the additional charge of CBDT chairman since May31, 2021 after the extended tenure of incumbent P C Mody had ended.
- Mohapatra, a 1985-batch Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax) officer, is currently the member in the board that frames the policy for the Income Tax department.
Source: The Hindu
Behler Turtle Conservation Award 2021
Why in News
- Indian biologist Dr. Shailendra Singh has been awarded the Behler Turtle Conservation Award 2021 for bringing three critically endangered turtle conservation species again from the brink of extinction.
- There are 29 species of freshwater turtles and tortoises in India.
- These critically endangered turtles are being conserved as part of TSA India’s analysis, conservation breeding and training programme in numerous elements of the nation.
- The Northern River Terrapin (Batagur baska) is being conserved on the Sunderbans; the Crimson-crowned Roofed Turtle (Batagur kachuga) at Chambal; and the Black Softshell Turtle (Nilssonia nigricans) at completely different temples in Assam.
About Behler Turtle Conservation Award:
- It was established in 2006 to recognise excellent achievements, contributions and management excellence in worldwide turtle conservation and biology.
- It carries an honorarium of $5000 and is widely considered the “Nobel Prize” of turtle conservation and biology.
- It is co-presented by the Turtle Survival Alliance (TSA), IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group, Turtle Conservancy, and the Turtle Conservation Fund.
- International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List: Critically Endangered
- CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)
- Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
Source: The Hindu