World Sanskrit Day: Check History and Aim of Celebrating Sanskrit Day

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 12, 2022, 16:52

Sanskrit is an ancient sacred language in India. Several books like the Rigveda were written in this language. It is said that the language belongs to the Indo Germanic or Indo-Aryan family of languages that are around 3500 years old. Panini, a Sanskrit linguist, wrote a grammar guide named the Ashtadhyayi (eight chapters). He was a beacon for the world in understanding spoken Sanskrit. The language is known to have no start and no end, making it divine and everlasting. It is also known as Dev Vani or the “language of Gods”. 

When is World Sanskrit Day Celebrated?

World Sanskrit Day, Sanskrit Diwas, or Viswa-Samskrita- Dinam is celebrated on every full moon day of the Shraavana month as per the Hindu calendar. It was celebrated in 1969 for the first time, and the Education Government of India provided the directives for celebrating the day at the State and National levels. In 2021, World Sanskrit Day was celebrated on 22nd August.

What is the Aim of Celebrating World Sanskrit Day?

Even though Sanskrit is India's most sacred and ancient language, it is not widely spoken. This has linked the language to the fear of extinction. World Sanskrit Day is celebrated to spread awareness and respect for India's most ancient language. It also aims to promote the revitalization of the language. In 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasized popularizing and promoting the language by celebrating the day with a week-long celebration from 19th August to 25th August. 

How is World Sanskrit Day Celebrated?

  • With the aim of reviving the language, World Sanskrit Day is celebrated by conducting seminars, meets, and lectures around the country.
  • Sanskrit University organizes a week-long celebration wherein language scholars, critics, and poets are invited to participate in several activities. 
  • Doordarshan and the All India Radio telecasts Sanskrit programs on World Sanskrit Day.

Some Facts about the Sanskrit Language

  • The Sanskrit language is an old language with an organized grammatical structure. Linguists say that people can use a single word of Sanskrit to express themselves. 
  • Both Carnatic and Hindustani classical music streams use Sanskrit. 
  • The state of Uttarakhand has declared Sanskrit as the official language.
  • Several renowned Indian and international universities offer the Sanskrit language. Around 14 universities in Germany offer Sanskrit subjects. 
  • The Vedic Sanskrit language existed even before other prime languages like Hebrew, Latin, and Greek.
  • The Sanskrit language is known to help improve speech, learn other languages, and better learn subjects like mathematics and science.
  • A village of Karnataka called Mattur speaks only in Sanskrit. 

The Sanskrit language surely deserves a day for its celebration and promotion. The use of Sanskrit as a spoken language is declining, however, India is trying to revive it by celebrating World Sanskrit Day. Several other initiatives are underway to promote and revive the best language in the world.

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FAQs about World Sanskrit Day

  • When is World Sanskrit Day celebrated?

World Sanskrit Day is celebrated on every full moon of the Shraavana month of the Hindu calendar.

  • Which village of Karnataka speaks only in the Sanskrit language?

The village of Mattur in Karnataka speaks only in Sanskrit. 

  • Who wrote the Sanskrit grammar guide, Ashtadhyayi?

Panini, a Sanskrit linguist, wrote the Sanskrit grammar guide named the Ashtadhyayi (eight chapters).