What is a Smart City: Definition and Role of Technology

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 12, 2022, 16:09

We've been hearing the term "smart city" a lot lately in various forums. But what exactly is a smart city?

As the name implies, a smart city is a city that effectively uses information and communication technology to benefit its residents. Governments have recently adapted and improved wireless technologies to develop better infrastructure and facilities for their residents. With the increased use of new technologies, cities can create more sustainable and efficient ways of operating. 

Role of Technology in a Smart City

Smart city technologies improve communication, transport, use of energy, development of infrastructure, and connectivity. Following are some ways in which smart cities are implementing sustainable and improved technology for the benefit of the people.

  • Reduced Costs with Smart Energy

The majority of smart cities are embarking on sustainable and efficient means of energy. Several public places are now lit up using energy-efficient LED lights with solar panels. 

Renewable energy is adopted by several smart cities in public places and private homes. This ensures conservation of our environment and better management of energy. It also prevents issues of blackouts and allows better management of electric usage. 

  • Better Health and Mobility

With improved green technology like electric vehicles, real-time traffic monitoring, and smart parking, cities make living healthy and efficient.

The use of electric vehicles for public transport can significantly decrease the pollution levels in the city and ensure better health of the people. Real-time traffic monitoring with efficient cameras and sensors can help in reducing traffic issues and allow the mobility of people and goods. 

  • Enhancing Partnerships with Smart Choices

Implementation of smart technologies by cities improves partnership between involved stakeholders. Public and private sectors can collaborate and promote creative ways of using technology. These partnerships also contribute towards an increase in the local economy and further boost the overall impression of the country. 

Smart Cities in India

In 2015, the Smart City Mission (SCM) was launched in India. This was to boost the willingness of cities to improve their quality of life by adopting digital technologies. In 2021, several cities were awarded for adopting sustainable ways of living, the top five beings:  

  1. Ahmedabad
  2. Amritsar
  3. Rajkot
  4. Coimbatore
  5. Hyderabad 

Smart cities are very important for our country to manage population growth in the next few decades. The creation of smart methods of living is the best way to ascend into the future.

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FAQs about What is a smart city

  • What is a smart city?

Cities that use information and technology to improve the residents' quality of life are referred to as smart cities.

  • What is the mission of a smart city?

The mission of a smart city is to effectively use digital technologies and communication for developing sustainable ways of living. This not only helps our planet but also ensures healthy and safe living.

  • How is a technology used in smart cities?

Smart cities use technology for traffic control, waste management, production of smart energy, and smooth mobility.

  • Which are the top five cities that have been listed as smart cities in 2021?

Cities that have been listed as smart cities in 2021 include Ahemdabad, Amritsar, Rajkot, Coimbatore, and Hyderabad.