Types of Elections In India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 23, 2022, 8:04

The essence of Indian democracy has surfaced in the elections, with the gap between the voting percentage of males and females almost at zero. The election of seventy-eight women candidates also points to the commendable performance of women in India. 

The change brought out in the policy, strategy, attitude, and tendency of the government work culture is reflected in the construction of one and a half crore houses in the last five years. 

In this article, we will discuss the Types of Elections In India.

Types of Elections In India

Rajya Sabha Elections

  • Rajya Sabha has a process of indirect elections where the State governments select members as per the proportion of seats available. The seats in Rajya sabha are allocated according to the proportion of the population.
  • Uttar Pradesh has the largest population, and it has the most seats allocated in Rajya sabha. In contrast, states like Nagaland and Mizoram are sparsely populated and have one seat. 
  • Rajya Sabha can never be dissolved, and the members are elected for six years.
  • They are elected every two years by one-third of the members whose term of 6 years gets completed.
  • The indirect method is followed where members from the state's legislative assembly elect the members of Rajya sabha.

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Parliamentary general elections (Lok Sabha) 

  • The adult citizens of the country elect the members of the Lok Sabha. These candidates contest together in their relevant constituencies. All adult citizens can vote in their respective constituencies.
  • A candidate who gets elected holds their seat for five years. They are called the Members of Parliament.
  • Elections take place once every five years.
  • A total of 543 members for the Lok Sabha (Lower House) are selected. A total of 131 seats (24.03%) are reserved for representatives of Scheduled Castes (84) and Scheduled Tribes (47). The quorum used for the House is 10% of the entire membership.
  • The Lok Sabha, unless dissolved, prolongs to function for five years from the date selected for its first meeting. When a proclamation of emergency is in process, this period might be expanded by Parliament House by law or decree.
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State Assembly Elections (Vidhan Sabha)

  • Candidates who can win the Elections of the State Legislative Assembly are called 'Members of Legislative Assembly.'
  • The maximum number of members of the legislative assembly is 500, and the minimum strength of the legislative assembly is 60.
  • A candidate who gets elected holds their seat for five years. 

Zila Panchayat Elections

  • Zila Parishad is referred to as the third tier of the Indian Panchayati Raj system.
  • The members of the State Legislature and the Indian parliament members comprise the members of the Zila Parishad.
  • Zila Parishad has a maximum count of 75 members and a minimum count of 50 members.
  • It is headed by the President and a Vice-President.
  • An IAS officer is the chief executive officer of the administration setup of the Zila Parishad.

After its freedom, India has performed as a respectable democracy. The global society has acknowledged this as well. It has effectively evolved under difficult environments. From Gram Panchayat to the Presidency, relatively frequent votes for every political position have been held openly and transparently.

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FAQs on Types of Elections In India

Q1. What are the Types of Elections In India?

The four Types of Elections In India are -

  • Rajya Sabha Elections
  • Lok Sabha Elections
  • Zila Panchayat Elections
  • State Assembly Elections (Vidhan Sabha) 

Q2. In which of the given Types of Elections In India does an IAS officer become the administrative head?

Zila Parishad is the Type of Elections In India where an IAS officer is the chief executive officer of the administration setup.

Q3. Who is responsible for conducting the various Types of Elections In India?

The election commission is responsible for conducting the various Types of Elections In India.

Q4. In which of the given Types of Elections In India are people elected for six years?

Rajya Sabha is the Type of Elections In India where members are elected for six years.