Top 10 Indian Mathematicians: Contributions and Theories

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jul 14, 2022, 11:40

Those curious about how mathematics concepts began should definitely check out the top 10 Indian mathematicians list here. When dealing with the subject, there are two types of people - one who is good at it and others who have a phobia of it. But we can't neglect that mathematics is applied to everything we do daily. In early times, many Indian mathematicians were able to bring astonishing maths concepts.

From cutting equal pieces of fruits to measuring time, distance, or weight, maths is considered the most practical subject. This page will mention the top 10 Indian mathematicians that brought wonderful inventions still being used today.

List of 10 Famous Indian Mathematicians

Mathematics is all about understanding logical concepts and formulas. The top Indian mathematicians were able to develop these visions based on their studies. The formula used for every concept is unique and contains a full verification process. Any question related to mathematics can be solved using the particular formula of the concept by putting the numeric values as per the query.

  1. P.C. Mahalanobis
  2. Srinivasa Ramanujan
  3. Satyendra Nath Bose
  4. Narendra Karmarkar
  5. Aryabhata
  6. Bhaskara
  7. Harish Chandra
  8. Brahmagupta
  9. D.R. Kaprekar
  10. C.R. Rao

In this article, you will learn about India's great mathematicians and their innovations in history. Each Indian mathematician has contributed immensely to generating formulations for various mathematical concepts.

Top 10 Indian Mathematicians

1. P.C. Mahalanobis

P.C. Mahalanobis majorly contributed to statistical analysis, one of which was Mahalanobis Distance. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute and created revolutionary analyses in the anthropometry field. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis also provided the design of big-scale survey surveys in India.

2. Srinivasa Ramanujan

Another popular Indian mathematician is Srinivasa Ramanujan. He is known to be one of the greatest geniuses in mathematics. His significant contribution was to number theory's Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method. He also came up with formulas for partial sums, hypergeometric series products, continued fractions, infinite series, and elliptic functions.

3. Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose is popular as he established modern theoretical physics in India and partnered with Albert Einstein. He made powerful developments in the field of statistics involving quantum and mechanics. In addition, he described types of forces by x-ray diffraction, the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere, and the single field theory.

4. Narendra Karmarkar

Narendra Karmarkar founded an algorithm named after his name, Karmarkar's. He introduced this particular theorem in the year 1984. Karmarkar's algorithm is used for calculating problems related to linear programming. Apart from being on the list of famous mathematicians of India, he is also viewed as an ISI highly cited researcher.

5. Aryabhata

Aryabhata is the most famous mathematician in India. He was the first to say that Earth is round and revolves around the sun. He also concluded that a year's total number of days is 365.

Another important invention of Aryabhata was the Pythagoras Theorem, the first proof in mathematics and came with a formula - (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab. He also discovered the place value system using letters to represent numbers and stating qualities.

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6. Bhaskara

A well-known astronomer and an Indian mathematician, Bhaskara helped Aryabhata by dispersing his mathematical creations. He claimed that diving a number by zero makes it infinity, and the total of infinity and any number comes out to be infinity. Not only regarded as a great mathematician of India, but he was also a writer and published a book named "Siddhanta Siromani".

7. Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra was an Indian mathematician who even contributed to the field of physics. He was responsible for fundamental work in the representation theory, particularly describing and analyzing phenomena of a periodically recurrent nature (harmonic analysis) on semisimple Lie groups.

8. Brahmagupta

Brahmagupta was one of the great mathematicians of India. The invention of zero (0), which depicts "nothing", is the most prominent contribution of Brahmagupta. The formula to find the cube of a number and cube root of any integer was explained by him. Additionally, he devised rules simplifying the calculation of squares and square roots.

9. D.R. Kaprekar

D.R. Kaprekar was another great mathematician of India who defined diverse classes of natural numbers. He discovered self-numbers, Harshad, Kaprekar and the Kaprekar constant, named after him. He was famous for launching the recreational mathematics circle without formulating mathematical education.

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10. C.R. Rao

C R Rao is a renowned Indian statistician and launched the "estimation theory". Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao has enormously contributed to statistics and its application. Many statistical results contain his names which are available in the curriculum of courses for bachelors and masters all over the world.

Above is the list of the top 10 famous mathematicians of India. The article mentions Indian mathematicians' developments and innovations in the arithmetic field. Their valuable contributions have influenced the upcoming scientists of the modern era to launch more such beneficial concepts.

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FAQs about Top 10 Indian Mathematicians?

Who are the 10 famous mathematicians of India?

The 10 famous mathematicians of India are

  • P.C. Mahalanobis
  • Srinivasa Ramanujan
  • Satyendra Nath Bose
  • Narendra Karmarkar
  • Aryabhata
  • Bhaskara
  • Harish Chandra
  • Brahmagupta
  • D.R. Kaprekar
  • C.R. Rao

Who is regarded as the best mathematician in India?

The best mathematician in India is Aryabhata. He is the most famous mathematician in India and the first one to comment that the Earth revolves around the sun. He also invented the most popular Pythagoras theorem in mathematics.

Who is the most famous Indian mathematician?

The most famous Indian mathematician is Srinivasa Ramanujan. He is known to be one of the greatest geniuses contributing to developing the Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method in number theory.

Which mathematics concept is established after its Indian mathematician name?

Kaprekar theorem and the Kaprekar constant is a phenomenon directly named after the mathematician D.R. Kaprekar. Another important example is of Karmarkar algorithm in mathematics, named after the researcher Narendra Karmarkar.