By accepting Interested parties from potential entrepreneurs, the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT Initiative) program aims to set up compacted biogas processing plants and render them in the market for use in automobile fuels.
The plan was initiated by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas in October 2018, in collaboration with Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, all of which are public sector undertakings.
History of the SATAT Initiative
- Farming residue, cow dung, cane press mud, sewage treatment plant waste, municipal solid waste, and other waste/biomass resources generate bio-gas organically through anaerobic decomposition.
- It is compacted after filtration and labelled CBG, which contains over 95% pure methane. In terms of composition and energy capacity, compressed biogas is identical to commercial natural gas. Compressed Bio-Gas, which has a calorific value of 52,000 KJ/kg and other qualities comparable to CNG, can be utilised as a viable, renewable automotive fuel.
- Compressed or compacted Bio-Gas has the ability to replace CNG in automobile, industrial, and commercial sectors in the near future, thanks to the availability of biomass in the country.
Benefits of SATAT Initiative
Commercial production of agriculture waste, organic manure, and municipal solid wastes into CBG can be highly advantageous:
- Is effective in Waste management, as well as a reducing carbon emissions and pollutants
- Farmers have a new additional source of income
- Entrepreneurship, employment, and the rural economy all have a positive impact
- Support for national activities and commitments pertaining to meeting climate change objectives
- Imports of crude oil and natural gas oil are being reduced.
- Protect yourself from price swings in crude oil and natural gas.
SATAT Initiative Significance
The SATAT Initiative encourages a cost-effective alternative for municipal solid waste disposal, as well as assistance in solving the issues of urban air pollution caused by field wildfires. It will stimulate entrepreneurship, the rural economy, and jobs, as well as provide farmers with a new source of income.
It will also serve as a barrier against crude oil and natural gas price changes, reducing the country's reliance on imports of biogas and crude oil. The decentralised approach also opens up a lot of possibilities for supplying CBG in rural areas where access to energy services is still a significant issue.
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Agricultural waste, livestock manure, and municipal wastes can all benefit from the SATAT Scheme. CBG seems to have the potential to transform CNG (compressed natural gas) in automobile, commercial, and industrial uses in the years ahead, considering the volume of bioenergy produced in the country.
FAQs on SATAT Initiative
Q1. Who founded the SATAT Initiative?
The Petroleum Minister announced the establishment of the SATAT Initiative to encourage compressed biogas as a sustainable transportation fuel.
Q2. What exactly is the SATAT Initiative?
By accepting Proposals of interested parties and potential entrepreneurs, the SATAT (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) Initiative aims to establish compressed or compacted bio-gas processing facilities and make them accessible in the market to be used in automobile engines.
Q3. What are the benefits of the SATAT Initiative?
By generating CBG from waste, the SATAT Initiative will not only satisfy India's growing energy needs in an ethical and environmentally sustainable manner but will also help the Country fulfil its promise to reduce GHG emissions.
Q4. In the context of the SATAT Initiative, what is biogas technology?
In the context of the SATAT Initiative, Agriculture leftovers, cow manure, sugarcane press mud, municipal wastes, sewerage system waste, and other waste/biomass resources yield bio-gas sustainably through anaerobic degradation. It is compressed following purification and labelled CBG, which contains approximately 90% pure methane.
Q5. Does the SATAT Initiative encourage a cheaper sustainable automobile solution?
Yes, the SATAT Initiative encourages cheaper sustainable automobile solutions- Biogas is 80% cheaper than LPG gas used for cooking.