Redressal of Grievances in India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 24, 2022, 4:59

The word redressal refers to setting right or put in order. It refers to the process of redressing grievances, which is an essential part of our democratic system. Redressal of a grievance involves the correction and reversal of an injustice. It is also known as compensation. Redressal of Grievances helps to maintain a just and fair society.

What is the Redressal of Grievances?

Redressal is defined as "the act or process by which justice results from correcting or reversing an injustice." The word redress, in this sense, has been used since the 18th century in both the English language and French languages (Reparer means to set correct).

It means compensating someone who has suffered injustice due to some legal or social misconduct.

The word redress is also used to 'remedying' something wrong, affecting what is straightened out, or making it suitable or better. It may be used metaphorically to refer to a decision by which equity is intended to be achieved through compensation for loss, disadvantage, suffering, and injury.

Significance of Redressal of Grievances in India

Grievance redressal mechanisms are a part of our democracy. It is necessary to protect all citizens' rights and interests and maintain a just and equitable society.

Redressal of Grievances is essential in a healthy democratic system where people are able to appeal against injustice, have their grievances redressed, be given compensation, and have their rights protected by the law.

It is an important right provided in the constitution, which every civilized state has safeguarded. It is a prerequisite for justice in any society that should be founded on principles of equity and justice rather than where equality before the law is treated as an illusion.

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Redressal of Grievances in India

Redressal of Grievances through the legal systems is a fundamental right in India. Article 226 of the Indian constitution deals with the jurisdiction of civil courts and their powers in redressing grievances. In the Indian legal system, every citizen's fundamental right to have their grievances redressed by the civil courts.

The Supreme Court of India has clearly explained that the redressal of every citizen’s grievances is part and parcel of the rule of law in India. Any impediment in this regard amounts to an illegal action.
The Indian Constitution guarantees protection to citizens when they approach the Supreme Court or High Courts for Redressal of Grievances in public interest cases.

So as we can see, the Redressal of Grievances through our legal system is not just some vague principle that exists somewhere on paper. Still, it is a fundamental part of which our society operates.
It is a fundamental right within the guarantee of life and personal liberty in the constitution. At the same time, Article 32 is the twin article, which specifically deals with access to courts for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

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How can Redressal of Grievances help?

The Grievance Redressal Mechanism helps punish the wrongdoers and protects victims from the repercussions of their actions. It also helps to further social democracy and justice by enabling the victims of injustice to obtain redress for their grievances. It gives redressal to people who have been unjustly treated in some way by others.

The word 'redress' means to set correct. Redressal is the process of setting things right. It is a process of setting things back in order. Redressal is, therefore, the effort to set things back in order by removing injustice or wrongs and restoring fairness and equity.

Redressal means to make good or restore what has been improperly done or unjustly suffered so that justice may prevail.

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FAQs on Redressal of Grievances in India

Q1. How important is the Redressal of Grievances?

Redressal of Grievances is important for social and political justice. It inspires public confidence in law-making institutions. Redressal of Grievances is an essential element of a just society where citizens have the right to challenge with impunity those who harm them and seek redress from the courts. In a just society, however, one also expects that there will be a system that will help them to get justice even if they suffer injustice.

Q2. What do you understand by Redressal of Grievances?

Redressal of Grievances refers to the right or wrongs done to people by the state, organizations, and individuals. It also includes the rights of citizens to seek redressal in the context of any injustice they suffer.

Q3. How does the Indian legal system deal with the Redressal of Grievances?

The concept of Redressal of Grievances to people has social relevance, and it is essential for the proper maintenance of human rights. Redressal is required both under civil law and criminal law for effective and just manifestation in respect of infringement on rights by an individual, group, or institution.

Article 226 of the Indian Constitution deals with the jurisdiction of civil courts and their powers in redressing grievances. It has to be remembered that this fundamental right extends to all citizens, irrespective of caste, creed, or religion.

Q4. What is the need for the Redressal of Grievances?

Redressal of Grievances helps maintain a just and fair society by punishing those who harm others and providing justice to victims. It helps keep public confidence in the law-making institutions by reassuring people who suffer from the injustice that they can seek redress and expect justice from the courts.