National Unity Day: Check History and Aim of Rashtriya Ekta Diwas

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 12, 2022, 17:00

Famously known as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas, the National Unity Day in India is observed on 31st October every year in India since 2014 to memorialize the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, popularly known as the Iron man of India. 

On this day, people remember the incredible works done by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and acknowledge them by celebrating the 31 October national unity day. You must note that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played a paramount role in India’s independence movement and the unification of India from 560 princely states. 

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India and is often known as the Father of the Indian Constitution as he played a vital part in the Constituent Assembly. 

Aim of National Unity Day 

India is a land of diversities – cultures, traditions, religions, and languages. Therefore, it is crucial to maintain the country’s unity. The National Unity Day in India is celebrated to recognize the endeavours of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to unite the country. 

The official announcement for National Unity Day by the Indian Home Ministry is that this day "will present an opportunity to re-affirm the innate solidity and stability of our country to withstand the existing and possible threats to the integrity, unity and security of India".

History of National Unity Day

In 2014, the Indian Government introduced National Unity Day to remember India's first Deputy Prime Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Also, on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's 143rd birth anniversary, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi inaugurated a giant Statue of Unity near the famous Narmada River in Gujarat. 

This Statue of Unity is the tallest statue in the world with an altitude of 182 metres. In addition, the principles of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel reminisce in India’s Atmanirhbar Bharat Abhiyan, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel advocated the ideas of a united and competent India and the national unity day slogan in Hindi given by the Indian Government is "Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat". 

National Unity Day Celebrations in India

On the 7th edition of Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day), Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, established the seaplane assistance from Ahmedabad to the Statue of Unity in the Kevadia region in Gujarat. In 2020, the Indian Government also launched a webinar on ‘Role of Sardar Patel in Unifying India’. 

Also, in 2020, the Sardar Patel National Unity Awards was launched to honour people's contribution in the field of unity and integrity of India. Other programmes that include the principles of the National Unity Day includes Ekta Parade and Run for Unity.

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FAQs about National Unity Day

  • When is national unity day celebrated in India?

National unity day is celebrated on 31st October every year to honour the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. 

  • What is the title given to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel?

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was given the title of Iron Man of India to honour the exemplary work he did during the Indian Independence. 

  • Which birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was celebrated in 2021?

In 2021, we commemorated the 146th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the year 2021. 

  • What is the Slogan on National Unity Day?

The slogan for National Unity Day is "Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat".