National Education Day: Check History and Significance

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 11, 2022, 7:41

National Education Day has been celebrated on 11th November every year since 2008 to commemorate the birthday of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, India's first Minister of Education.

He played a significant role in shaping the education system of India. The UGC, AICTE, the Kharagpur Institute for Higher Education, the University Board of Education, and the Secondary School Board were established during his tenure. He also helped establish educational institutions such as Jamia Millia Islamia and IIT Kharagpur. Many leaders remember and commemorate Azad's contribution to his efforts in creating a foundation for India's strong education system.

Why is National Education Day Celebrated on 11th November?

Celebrating National Education Day is a tribute to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. As a pioneering thinker and intellectual, his role in the struggle for freedom is inspiring. He was passionate about the education sector and worked to promote social fraternity.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad also established the Sahitya Academy, Lalit Kala Academy, Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), Sangeet Natak Academy, and the Scientific and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

He was awarded the posthumous honour of the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, in 1992. From 1947 to 1958, he served the country as the first Minister of Education in the Cabinet of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

How is National Education Day celebrated?

In September 2008, the central government declared 11th November as National Education Day. The first celebration of National Education Day was held in Biganbawan, New Delhi, by then-President Pratibha Patil.

Every year, National Education Day is celebrated by hosting several informative and interesting seminars, essays symposiums, and rallies at various schools. Students and teachers come together to share the importance of literacy and the country's commitment to all aspects of education. National Education Day pays homage to all the fundamental contributions made by Abul Azad to India's education system.

The History and Significance of National Education Day

National Education Day is celebrated to enhance and improvise the quality of education for students in the country. The day also commemorates Azad's contribution to laying the foundation for an independent Indian education system. 

Azad was also a strong advocate of universal primary education, girls' education, free compulsory education for all children under the age of 14, vocational training, and technical education.

His Contributions

  • In 1912 he founded a weekly magazine called 'Al Hilal' in Urdu to increase the number of revolutionary hires.
  • During his tenure, the first IIT, IISc, Faculty of Planning and Architecture, and the University Grants Commission were also established.
  • He was India's first Vice President and the first independent Minister of Education of India from 1947 to 1958.
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FAQs about National Education Day

Q.1. Name some educational Institutions established by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

Here are some of the institutions established by him:

- On 28th December 1953, he established the University Grants Commission (UGC).

- He established IISc and the School of Architecture and Planning.

- In 1953, he established the Sangeet Natak Academy.

- In 1954, he founded the Sahitya Akademy and Lalit Kala Akademy.

- In 1951, he established the Indian Institute of Technology.

- He also played a pivotal role in the growth and development of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and the Faculty of Delhi University.

Q.2. When is National Education Day celebrated in India?

National education day is celebrated on 11th November every year.

Q.3. Since which year is 11th November celebrated as National Education day in India?

11th November has been celebrated as National Education Day in India since 2008.