National Anthem of India: Know here the Significance and Lyrics

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 2, 2022, 10:22

National Anthem of India The "National Anthem of India" is the national anthem of India. It was adopted in its present form during the 1950s.

 The "national anthem" is officially recognised as a song with poetic lyrics, written by Rabindranath Tagore. It was first sung on the 27th December 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. 

The national anthem is an important symbol for the people of India and the Indian diaspora all over the world.

What is the National Anthem of India?

The National Anthem of India (Bhārat Gaṇeśaṃ) is a patriotic song composed by the Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore.

The song is a poem that consists of thirty-two stanzas arranged symmetrically into eight sections of four lines each. The poem is a prayer for "the welfare of India" and all its people, without distinction of caste or creed.

The first line of the anthem has been interpreted to mean different things: it can be read as asking for "Blessings on my countrymen" or as reminding people that they are granted freedom by God as their birthright and urging them to make good use of it (a reference to "Vande Mataram").

What is the National Anthem of India lyrics?

National Anthem of India lyrics are as follows in the first stanza:

“Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka Jaya He

Bharat Bhagya Vidhata

Punjab Sindh Gujarat Maratha

Dravida Utkala Banga"

The words "Bharat Bhagya Vidhata" mean "The Protector of India is its destiny."

The lyrics have significant cultural and religious significance in India. It is said that the first stanza of the anthem is based on a hymn from the Rig Veda, which was eventually included in the Atharva Veda when it was revised.

Who composed the National anthem of India?

"Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, Vande Mataram, Tava Prachodayat". This is the national anthem of India. It was initially composed in Bengali by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.

What is the significance of the National Anthem of India?

The song is a prayer to Goddess Bharatavarsha (Mother India) for her guidance and blessings for her children (the citizens of India). The first two lines are written in Bengali, followed by a shloka in classical Sanskrit. It is written as an ode to Lady Justice, embodying all that is noble in our motherland.

Jana Gana Mana is officially the national anthem of India. It was adopted in its original Hindi version when Britain gained independence in 1947. Translated as "Janani" (Mother), "Gana" (Sanskrit for group, community or nation) and "Mana" (mind), it is usually rendered in English as "Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People."

Thus our National Anthem has a note of universality and all-inclusiveness – it is not parochial in its outlook. The ideals expressed in this song are worth attaining by all people.

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FAQs about the National Anthem of India

  • Who wrote the National Anthem of India?

National Anthem of India was written by Rabindranath Tagore.

  • What does the National Anthem of India signify?

Our National Anthem is a song of praise and thanksgiving. It appropriately opens with the salutation' Respect to thee our motherland'. The first verse notes humility and love, while the second is a prayer of aspiration, delivered in a great feeling. The third verse glorifies the nation's struggles and seeks strength from God to carry on that battle. The last stanza signifies the resolve to be worthy of freedom and act worthy of independence – not for ourselves alone but for all humanity.

  • When was the National Anthem of India first sung?

The National Anthem of India was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911.