Longest Bridge in India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Aug 9, 2022, 13:45

The longest bridge in India portrays an integral feature that empowers the country's national infrastructure. The main purpose of bridges is to leverage a smooth commute and connect unconnected places.

Their second objective is to ease traffic. Building bridges offer more business and employment opportunities and shorter travel times. The longest Bridge In India is Bhupen Hazarika Setu, also known as Dhola Sadiya Bridge having a length of 9150 meters in Tinsukia (Assam) constructed over the Lohit river.

India's Longest Bridge

A bridge is a structure built to traverse physical obstacles, such as sidewalks, without blocking the passage above waters, valleys, or roads that have obstacles to pass through. India is known as the country of rivers, and we have built many bridges to overcome all the obstacles that rivers present.

The country has some of the best water India bridge structures alongside a long list of railway bridges. Bridges are considered a key component of our country's infrastructure. The Bhupen Hazarika Bridge is the Longest Bridge in India in Assam.

Top 10 Longest Bridges in India

Mentioned below are the important facts about the Largest Bridge In India including their total distance, opening year, type, and location. Have a look at the list of the 10 longest bridges in India:

Serial no.

Longest Bridge Name

Distance

Opened in

Type

Connecting

Location

1

Dhola Sadiya Bridge

9.15 Km

2017

Road

Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

Lohit River, Tinsukia, Assam

2

Dibang River Bridge

6.2 Km

2018

Road

Arunachal Pradesh

Dibang River

3

Mahatma Gandhi Setu

5.75 Km

1982

Road

South Patna to Hajipur

Ganga, Patna, Bihar

4

Bandra-Worli Sea Link (BWSL)

5.57 Km

2009

Road

Bandra to Worli (South Mumbai)

Mahim Bay, Mumbai

5

Bogibeel Bridge

4.94 Km

2018

Rail cum road

Dhemaji to Dibrugarh

Brahmaputra River, Assam

6

Vikramshila Setu

4.70 Km

2001

Road

Bhagalpur to Naugachia

Ganga, Bhagalpur, Bihar

7

Vembanad Rail Bridge

4.62 Km

2011

Rail-cum-road

Edappally to Vallarpadam

Vembanad Lake, Kochi, Kerala

8

Digha–Sonpur Bridge

4.55 Km

2016

Rail-cum-Road

Digha, Patna to Sonpur, Saran

Ganga, Patna, Bihar

9

Arrah–Chhapra Bridge

4.35 Km

2017

Road

Arrah to Chhapra

Ganga, Saran, Bihar

10

Godavari Bridge

4.13 Km

2015

Rail cum Road

Kovvur to Rajahmundry

Godavari river, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh

Dhola Sadiya Bridge

The longest bridge in India is Dhola Sadiya Bridge. It is designed as a beam bridge, the simplest form of structure.

  • This largest bridge in India connects the states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It took 14 long years to get constructed and the work was fast-tracked only in 2011.
  • The length of Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge is 164.8 KM.

Dibang River Bridge

The second longest river bridge in India is the Dibang River Bridge. A beam bridge across the Dibang River links Bomjir and Malek villages.

  • The bridge's total length is 6,200 meters (20,300 ft) and provides all-weather connectivity in the eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh, India.
  • The bridge was opened in 2018 and spans across the Sikang river system.
  • It is a crucial bridge as it helps the Indian military fight anti-national activities and Chinese military danger in the boundary regions.

Mahatma Gandhi Setu

The third biggest bridge in India is Gandhi Setu or Ganga Setu, an engineering marvel. It was opened by then PM Indira Gandhi. It was built over the river Ganga.

  • The work on the bridge began in 1972 and was completed by 1978. The initial cost was frozen at Rs. 23.50 crore.
  • Its total length is 5,750 meters, connecting Patna in the south to Hajipur in the north.

Bandra-Worli Sea Link (BWSL)

The most beautiful bridge and famous bridge in India is Bandra-Worli Sea Link. It connects the Bandra suburb to Worli in Mumbai.

  • The bridge reduced the travel time to 10 minutes from the earlier 60 minutes.
  • The overall construction cost of this is Rs.750 crore, making this one of India's most expensive bridges.
  • Being 5.6 kilometers long, this bridge is also a go-to place for travelers and locals.

Bogibeel Bridge

The fifth longest bridge in India Bogibeel. This connects the districts of Dibrugarh and Dhemaji. This is built over the Brahmaputra river.

  • It provides connectivity to the whole of upper Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The bridge's upper deck is a 3-lane roadway, and the lower deck is a 2-line broad gauge railway; its structure comes under truss bridges, being the most economical to build and maintain.
  • Its total length is 4.94 kilometers.

Vikramshila Setu

Having a length of 4.7 KM, Vikramshila Setu has become sixth India's largest bridge. The bridge connects NH80 and NH31 and offers connectivity to Naugachia, Purnia, and Kathiar in Bihar.

  • Vikramshila Setu is a bridge across the Ganges, near Bhagalpur.
  • It is named after the ancient Mahavihara of Vikramashila, which King Dharmapala established.
  • The bridge got opened in 2001, receiving two-way daily traffic.

Vembanad Rail Bridge

The seventh longest bridge is the Vembanad Rail bridge, also known as Edappally - Vallarpadam bridge connecting both areas. Its total length is 4.62 KM.

  • The bridge is built on the picturesque Vembanad Lake.
  • Vembanad Rail Bridge was opened to the public in 2011 and is the biggest one in Kerala.
  • It is essential as Vallarpadam is a Catholic pilgrim center with an international transshipment terminal that helps boost trade.

Digha–Sonpur Bridge

The eighth largest bridge in India Digha–Sonpur Bridge. The rail-cum-road bridge connecting Digha Ghat in Patna and Pahleja Ghat in Sonpur, Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar.

  • The bridge extends to a length of 4.55 kilometers,
  • It was constructed in 2003.

Arrah–Chhapra Bridge

The ninth on the list of the longest bridges in India is Arrah–Chhapra. It is a four-way road bridge merging the Arrah and Chapra cities of Bihar.

  • This bridge decreased the distance of traveling from 120 km to 21 km.
  • It is officially called the “Veer Kunwar Singh bridge” and costs more than 800 crores.
  • It stretches over a distance of 4.65 KM and got opened in 2017.

Godavari Bridge

The tenth-largest Indian bridge is one of the bridges among the three constructed above the Godavari river. The total length of the bridge is 4.1 kilometers.

  • It is a rail-plus-road bridge over the Brahmaputra river in northeast India's Dibrugarh district of Assam state.
  • The bridge opened in 1974, carrying two lanes of the road and a single railway line.

List of Longest Railway Bridges in India

If you want to know about famous bridges in India, we have created a list of the 10 longest Railway bridges in India to check out:

Serial no.

Name

Distance

Opened in

Connecting

Location

1

Vembanad Rail Bridge

4.60 KM

2011

Edappally to Vallarpadam

Vembanad Lake, Kochi, Kerala

2

Nehru Setu

3.05 KM

1900

Dehri to Son Nagar

Dehri, Bihar

3

Godavari Arch Bridge

2.74 KM

1997

Kovvur to Rajahmundry

Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh

4

Second Mahanadi Rail Bridge

2.10 KM

2008

Mahanadi towards Cuttack

Cuttack, Odisha

5

Pamban Bridge

2.06 KM

1913

Pamban to Rameshwaram

Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu

6

Sharavathi Bridge

2.06 KM

1994

Sharavathi towards Honnavar

Honnavar, Karnataka

7

Mahanadi Bridge, Boudh

1.95 KM

2002

Kiakata to Boudh

Boudh, Odisha

8

Silver Jubilee Railway Bridge Bharuch

1.40 KM

1935

Ankleshwar to Bharuch

Narmada River, Gujarat

9

Elgin Bridge

1.12 KM

1896

Barabanki to Gonda

Ghaghra River, Barabanki, Gujarat

10

Subansiri Railway Bridge

0.80 KM

1966

Gogamukh to North Lakhimpur

Subansiri River, Assam

Types of Bridges Used in India

An analysis of all major bridges in India revealed that girder bridges, truss bridges, cable-stayed bridges, and beam bridges are the most common structures in this country. Architectural researchers also cite these suspension bridges as basic types.

Dhola Sadiya is a great example of a beam bridge, and the Bandra Worli Sealink is one of the most popular cable-stayed bridges.

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FAQs about Longest Bridge in India

Which is the Longest Bridge in India?

The Longest Bridge in India is the Dhola Sadiya bridge which is also called the Bhupen Hazarika Setu. It runs over the Brahmaputra river and is 9.15 km long, connecting Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

Which is the 2nd Longest Bridge in India?

Dibang River Bridge is the second longest bridge in India.

Which Indian state has the maximum number of Bridges?

Considering bridges that are more than 1 km long, Bihar has the maximum number of bridges – 11, whereas there are 9 each in Uttar Pradesh and Assam. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have 7 each, and West Bengal has 5. There are also four in Karnataka and Orissa.

On which River is the maximum number of Bridges Built?

The maximum number of bridges (11) is built on the River Ganga.

Where is the oldest bridge in India?

The Abdul Bari Bridge, also known as the Koilwar Bridge, was built in 1862 and remains strong even after 100 years.

Which is the Longest Railway Bridge in India?

Vembanad Rail Bridge is the Longest Railway Bridge in India.

Which are the Top 5 Longest Bridges in India?

Dhola Sadiya bridge, Dibang River Bridge, Mahatma Gandhi Setu Bridge, Bandra-Worli Sea Link Bridge, and Bogibeel Bridge are India's Top 5 Longest Bridges.

Which is the Longest Sea Bridge in India?

Bandra-Worli Sea Link is the longest sea bridge in India. It is a 5.6 km long, 8-lane bridge that combines Bandra in the Western Suburbs of Mumbai with Worli in South Mumbai.

Which is the Longest Bridge in Assam?

Dhubri-Phulbari bridge is the longest bridge in Assam. It was built at an estimated cost of Rs 4,997 crore in February 2019. It connects Dhubri in Assam and Phulbari.