By : Neha Dhyani
Updated : Jan 6, 2022, 10:07
India is an agricultural country with more than 65% of the population involved in agriculture. Out of the many crops cultivated in the nation, sugarcane is one of the most important Kharif crops. The climate of the country supports the plantation of sugarcane throughout the year. Incidentally, India is the second-highest producer of sugarcane in the world after Brazil.
The multipurpose crop is used in making sugar, jaggery, Khansari, molasses, and even paper. Uttar Pradesh is India's largest sugarcane-producing state, producing over 177 million tonnes in 2021. Several other states also produce sugarcane in large quantities.
Below is a list of the largest sugarcane-producing states in India in 2021:
States / UT
(2015-16 to 2019-20)
% to total
*4th Adv. Est -2020-21
Uttar Pradesh is the largest cultivator of sugarcane in India. With more than 177 million tonnes produced in 2021, UP tops the list of sugarcane producers. The main reason behind this is the perennial water supply provided by the river Ganga. Meerut, Bareilly, Saharanpur, and Bulandshahr are the major districts producing sugarcane in UP.
Maharashtra ranks second in the list of top 10 sugarcane producers in India. Around 9 lac hectares of land are used to produce an average of 73MT of sugarcane in Maharashtra. Pune, Satara, Solapur, Ahmednagar, and Aurangabad are the major producers.
Karnataka is the third-largest producer of sugarcane in India. The climatic condition here favours the production of top-quality sugarcane. It recorded production of over 38 MT in 2019-20. Districts such as Shimoga, Mysore, Belgaum, and Chitradurga are the largest producers, thanks to the irrigation projects in the Cauvery River.
Tamil Nadu occupies the fourth position in the top 10 producers. The state produces an average of 18.5 MT of sugarcane annually. However, it tops the list in terms of productivity per hectare. It produces an average of 99 tonnes/ha.
Bihar is one of the top producers of sugarcane and jaggery, thanks to its fertile plains. The major contributors are Patna, Darbhanga, Gaya, and Champaran districts.
Despite being an industrial area, Gujarat contributes more than 3% of the total sugarcane produced in the country. The bulk contribution comes from its southern districts like Valsad, Navsari, Surat, and Bharuch.
Haryana is one of the largest contributors to India's central pool of food grains. Apart from sugarcane, Haryana also produces large quantities of rice, jawar, bajra, and maize. It produces more than 8MT of sugarcane in 1.3 lac hectares of land.
The black alluvial soil of Andhra Pradesh is perfect for sugarcane cultivation. The districts around Krishna and Godavari benefit from these rivers and can produce sugarcane in bulk quantities.
Punjab occupies the ninth position on this list. It produces 7 MT of sugarcane on average in 0.92 lac hectares of land. The high productivity is due to the inbuilt agricultural culture in the state.
The hilly state of Uttarakhand ranks 10th on the list with an average annual production of 6.38 MT. Dehradun, Haridwar, and Udham Singh Nagar are major contributors to this high number.
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Ans: The state of Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane in India.
Ans: India is the second-largest sugarcane producer globally after Brazil.
Ans: Tamil Nadu shows the highest productivity in the production of sugarcane with 99.70 Tonnes/ha on average.