The Human Development Report by UNDP emphasizes that people and their abilities should be the main evaluation of the growth of a nation based on three basic parameters of Development in Human Beings:
- long and healthy lives,
- the ability to access information, and
- an acceptable standard of life.
India's Performance in the Human Development Report
The general performance of India in the Human Development Report for 2020 is 0.645. This puts the country in the medium human development category. It is positioned at 131 out of 189 nations that are represented.
Between 1990 and the year 2020, India's HDI value grew by 50.3%, from 0.429 to 0.645, which is an increase of 50.3 per cent.
Important Factors Considered in the Human Development Report
Long and healthy life
The life expectancy of Indians at the time of birth is 69.7 years in the year 2019, which is slightly lower than the South Asian average of 69.9 years. Between 1990 and the year 2019, Indian life expectancy at birth has grown by 11.8 years.
Access to Knowledge
The anticipated years of schooling in India were 12.2 years, compared to 11.2 years in Bangladesh and 8.3 years in Pakistan. Between 1990 and 2019, the mean years of schooling increased by 3.5 years.
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A Decent Standard of Living
Despite a drop from the previous year, India's Gross National Income (GNI) per capita of USD 6,681 outperformed some other countries in 2019.
The GNI per person in India was up by around 273.9 per cent between 1990 and 2019.
Gender Development Index
The UNDP also calculates GDI, or Gender Development Index, as a part of the Human Development Report. According to the 2020 report, the GDI value of India is 0.820, with the value for females at 0.573 and that for males at 0.699. This shows a wide contrast. The average for South Asia was 0.824, and that for medium HDI countries like India was 0.835. India's value is lower than the average in both cases.
Human Development Report - India's Future Prospects
- India could climb eight spots in the rankings.
- Under the Paris Agreement, India has pledged to cut down the emissions intensity of its GDP from its 2005 levels of 33-35% before 2030 and to get 40% of electricity generation production from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
- Solar power in India has increased from 2.6 gigawatts in March 2014 to 30 gigawatts as of July 2019, surpassing its goal of 20 gigawatts just four years ahead of schedule.
- In the year 2019, India came in fifth place for the capacity of solar panels installed.
- The National Solar Mission seeks to increase the use of solar energy for power generation and other uses to make solar energy compared with fossil fuel-based alternatives.
Human development is on the rise - there is an increase in the number of girls and women pursuing higher education, there are more economically empowered women now, there is greater bargaining power for children in families, and poverty is being reduced gradually.
FAQs on Human Development Report
Q1. What is the Human Development Report?
The Human Development Report is an individual index which seeks to document the three major dimensions of human growth including access to information as well as a reasonable standard of living, longevity and a healthy lifestyle.
Q2. What are the most important elements used to create the Human Development Report?
The calculation of the index includes four key factors: life expectancy for health, the expected number of years of schooling, the mean of years of education, and gross national income per person for the standard of life. Each year UNDP ranks countries on the basis of the Human Development Report, which is published as part of their Annual Report.
Q3. What are the major elements in human progress according to the Human Development Report?
The major elements in human progress according to the Human Development Report are health, education, economic conditions, and health.
Q4. What is India's rank in the Human Development Report?
India's rank in the Human Development Report is 131 out of 189 nations.