India is home to some of the world's highest mountain peaks. Incidentally, India has many mountain ranges spread all over the length and breadth of the country. From the majestic Himalayas to Aravallis, Nilgiris, Satpura, Eastern Ghats, and the Western Ghats, the list seems endless.
So, which is the highest mountain peak in India? To find the answer, you'd have to visit the Himalayas, since the mighty Himalayas boast of not only the highest mountain peaks in India but also some of the world's highest peaks. This article gives you a ready reckoner of India's top 10 highest peaks.
The Top 5 Highest Mountain Peaks in India
Here is a list of the top-5 highest mountain peaks in India:
Height (in meters and feet)
8,586 meters/28,169 feet
7,816 meters/25,643 feet
7,756 meters/25,446 feet
7,742 meters/25,400 feet
7,672 meters/25,170 feet
India's Highest Peaks in Detail
Let's explore India's highest mountain peaks in more detail.
1. Kangchenjunga (Sikkim)
At 8,586 meters or 28,169 feet, Kangchenjunga or Kanchenjunga is located in Sikkim and is the highest mountain peak in (Mainland) India. It is also the world's third-highest mountain. Kangchenjunga's literal meaning is 'The Five Treasures of Snows.' The five treasures are gold, silver, grain, gems, and holy books. Kangchenjunga is situated close to the Nepal-India border.
Kangchenjunga was believed to be the world's tallest mountain until 1852. However, great deliberations on the records available with the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in 1849 proved that Mount Everest is the world's tallest mountain.
2. Nanda Devi (Uttarakhand)
At 7,816 meters or 25,643 feet, Nanda Devi is India's second-highest mountain peak. Unlike Kangchenjunga, which lies on the Indo-Nepal border, Nanda Devi is fully situated inside Indian territory. Nanda Devi is the world's 23rd highest mountain peak.
Nanda Devi means 'Bliss-Giving Goddess'. Locals from the Garhwal and Kumaon Himalayas consider Nanda Devi their patron goddess. In 1988, UNESCO declared the Nanda Devi National Park surrounding Nanda Devi as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. Kamet Peak (Uttarakhand)
At 7,756 meters or 25,446 feet, Kamet Peak is regarded as the third-highest mountain peak in India. It is a part of the Zaskar mountain range and is situated in the Chamoli District of the Garhwal Himalayas. The peak is located close to Tibet and is surrounded by other mighty peaks like Mukut Parbat, Abi Gamin, and Mana Peak.
Due to its location, Kamet is not easily accessible by trekkers and climbers. The terrain is treacherous and carries tremendous avalanche risks.
4. Saltoro Kangri (Jammu & Kashmir)
At 7,7,42 meters or 25,400 feet, Saltoro Kangri is the fourth-highest mountain peak in India. Saltoro Kangri is also the tallest mountain in the Saltoro Mountains subrange of the Karakoram. The Saltoro Kangri mountain range has two peaks—Saltoro Kangri I in the South and Saltoro Kangri II.
Saltoro Kangri is situated on the border of Indian-controlled Siachen and the Pakistan-controlled region west of the Saltoro range. Saltoro hosts some of the world's longest glaciers.
5. Saser Kangri (Jammu & Kashmir)
At 7,672 meters or 25,170 feet, Saser Kangri is the fifth-highest mountain peak in India. It is a part of Saser Muztagh in the Karakoram range and lies within the territory of Ladakh. Saser Kangri is recognised for its five magnificent summits and picturesque views.
FAQs Related to Highest Peaks in India
- Which is the highest mountain peak in India?
Kangchenjunga is the highest mountain peak in mainland India.
- Where is India's highest mountain peak located?
India's highest mountain peak, Kangchenjunga, is located in the Sikkim state of India.
- Which is the second highest mountain peak in mainland India?
Nanda Devi is the second highest mountain peak in mainland India.