List of High Courts in India and their Year of Establishment

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 5, 2022, 4:51

The High courts in India are the topmost judicial body in every state. As per Article 214, every Indian state must have a high court for its jurisdiction and more than two states and union territories can have a common high court. 

However, do you know how many high courts are there in India? There are 25 high courts presently functioning in India, with six high courts controlling more than one state or union territory. Also, note that Delhi holds a separate high court, and every Indian high court has a Chief Justice with other judges appointed by the Indian President. 

List of High Courts in India

Below is a list of the total number of high courts in India. 

S.No.

High Court

Year of Establishment

Act of Establishment

Jurisdiction, Principal seat and Bench(s)

1

Allahabad High Court

17 March 1866

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction: Uttar Pradesh

Seat: Allahabad

Bench: Lucknow

2

Andhra Pradesh High Court

1 January 2019

Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014

Jurisdiction: Andhra Pradesh

Seat: Amravati

3

Bombay High Court

14 August 1862

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction:  Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Goa,   Maharashtra and Daman and Diu

Seat: Bombay

Bench: Aurangabad, Nagpur, Panaji

4

Calcutta High Court

1 July 1862

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction:  Andaman and Nicobar Islands and West Bengal

Seat: Calcutta

Bench: Port Blair, Jalpaiguri

5

Chhattisgarh High Court

1 November 2000

Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000

Jurisdiction: Chhattisgarh

Seat: Bilaspur

6

Delhi High Court

31 October 1966

Delhi High Court Act, 1966

Jurisdiction: NCT of Delhi

Seat: New Delhi

7

Gauhati High Court

1 March 1948

Government of India Act, 1935

Jurisdiction: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland

Seat: Guwahati

Bench: Itanagar, Aizawl, Kohima

8

Gujarat High Court

1 May 1960

Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960

Jurisdiction: Gujarat

Seat: Ahmedabad

9

Himachal High Court

25 January 1971

State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970

Jurisdiction: Himachal Pradesh

Seat: Shimla

10

Jammu & Kashmir High Court

26 March 1928

Letters Patent authorized by former King of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019

Jurisdiction: Ladakh,  Jammu & Kashmir.

Seat: Srinagar/ Jammu

11

Jharkhand High Court

15 November 2000

Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000

Jurisdiction: Jharkhand

Seat: Ranchi

12

Karnataka High Court

1884

Mysore High Court Act, 1884

Jurisdiction: Karnataka

Seat: Bengaluru

Bench: Dharwad, Kalaburagi

13

Kerala High Court

1 November 1956

States Reorganisation Act, 1956

Jurisdiction: Kerala, Lakshadweep

Seat: Kochi

14

Madhya Pradesh High Court

2 January 1936

Government of India Act, 1935

Jurisdiction: Madhya Pradesh

Seat: Jabalpur

Bench: Indore, Gwalior,

15

Madras High Court

15 August 1862

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction: Tamil Nadu, Puducherry

Seat: Madras

Bench: Madurai

16

Manipur High Court

25 March 2013

North-Eastern Areas (Reorganization) and Other Related Laws (Amendment) Act, 2012

Jurisdiction: Manipur

Seat: Imphal

17

Meghalaya High Court

23 March 2013

North-Eastern States (Reorganisation) and additional legislation (Amendment) Act, 2012

Jurisdiction: Meghalaya

Seat: Shillong

18

Orrisa High Court

3 April 1948

Orissa High Court Ordinance, 1948

Jurisdiction: Orissa

Seat: Cuttack

19

Patna High Court

2 September 1916

Letters Patent authorized by the then British Government 

Jurisdiction: Bihar

Seat: Patna

20

Punjab and Haryana High Court

15 August 1947

Punjab High Court Ordinance, 1947

Jurisdiction:  Haryana, Chandigarh and Punjab

Seat: Chandigarh

21

Rajasthan High Court

21 June 1949

Rajasthan High Court Ordinance, 1949

Jurisdiction: Rajasthan

Seat: Jodhpur

Bench: Jaipur

22

Sikkim High Court

16 May 1975

The 36th Indian Constitution Amendment 

Jurisdiction: Sikkim

Seat: Gangtok

23

Telangana High Court

1 January 2019

Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014

Jurisdiction: Telangana

Seat: Hyderabad

24

Tripura High Court

26 March 2013

North-Eastern States (Reorganisation) and additional legislation (Amendment) Act, 2012

Jurisdiction: Tripura

Seat: Agartala

25

Uttarakhand High Court

9 November 2000

Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000

Jurisdiction: Uttarakhand

Seat: Nanital

In a nutshell, the total high court in India is 25, where every appointed Chief Justice must be an Indian citizen and must have held a judicial post in the Indian territory for ten years.

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FAQs about High Courts in India

  • What is the total number of high courts in India?

The total number of high courts situated in India is 25. 

  • Can you name the oldest high court in India?

Calcutta high court is the oldest established high court in India. 

  • Which is the recently established high court in India?

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana High Courts are the newest high courts, established in 2019. 

Posted by:

Neha DhyaniNeha DhyaniMember since Jul 2017
An IT engineer turned Writer, Neha is a versatile content creator at ‘Gradeup’, who covers news and top stories of the education sector. She has been in the industry since 2015. She is passionate about her work, however, when she isn’t crafting content, she’s probably reading, playing badminton, watching YouTube or just lazing around. Her email address is neha.dhyani@gradeup.co.