Total High Courts in India: List of 25 High Courts in India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Aug 16, 2022, 10:47

The High courts in India are the topmost judicial body in every state. As per Article 214, every Indian state must have a high court for its jurisdiction, and more than two states and union territories can have a standard high court.

However, do you know how many high courts are there in India? There are 25 high courts in India, with six high courts controlling more than one state or union territory. Also, note that Delhi holds a separate high court, and every Indian high court has a Chief Justice with other judges appointed by the Indian President.

List of High Courts in India 2022

Below is a list of the total number of high courts in India. There are a total of 25 high courts in India in various states. Have a look at them each below.

Serial No

Court Name

Year of Establishment

Act of Establishment

Jurisdiction, Principal seat and Bench(s)

1

Allahabad High Court

17 March 1866

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction: Uttar Pradesh

Seat: Allahabad

Bench: Lucknow

2

Andhra Pradesh High Court

1 January 2019

Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014

Jurisdiction: Andhra Pradesh

Seat: Amravati

3

Bombay High Court

14 August 1862

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction: Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Goa, Maharashtra and Daman and Diu

Seat: Bombay

Bench: Aurangabad, Nagpur, Panaji

4

Calcutta High Court

1 July 1862

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction: Andaman and Nicobar Islands and West Bengal

Seat: Calcutta

Bench: Port Blair, Jalpaiguri

5

Chhattisgarh High Court

1 November 2000

Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000

Jurisdiction: Chhattisgarh

Seat: Bilaspur

6

Delhi High Court

31 October 1966

Delhi High Court Act, 1966

Jurisdiction: NCT of Delhi

Seat: New Delhi

7

Gauhati High Court

1 March 1948

Government of India Act, 1935

Jurisdiction: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland

Seat: Guwahati

Bench: Itanagar, Aizawl, Kohima

8

Gujarat High Court

1 May 1960

Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960

Jurisdiction: Gujarat

Seat: Ahmedabad

9

Himachal High Court

25 January 1971

State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970

Jurisdiction: Himachal Pradesh

Seat: Shimla

10

Jammu & Kashmir High Court

26 March 1928

Letters Patent authorized by former King of Kashmir, Jammu, and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019

Jurisdiction: Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir.

Seat: Srinagar/ Jammu

11

Jharkhand High Court

15 November 2000

Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000

Jurisdiction: Jharkhand

Seat: Ranchi

12

Karnataka High Court

1884

Mysore High Court Act, 1884

Jurisdiction: Karnataka

Seat: Bengaluru

Bench: Dharwad, Kalaburagi

13

Kerala High Court

1 November 1956

States Reorganisation Act, 1956

Jurisdiction: Kerala, Lakshadweep

Seat: Kochi

14

Madhya Pradesh High Court

2 January 1936

Government of India Act, 1935

Jurisdiction: Madhya Pradesh

Seat: Jabalpur

Bench: Indore, Gwalior,

15

Madras High Court

15 August 1862

Indian High Courts Act, 1861

Jurisdiction: Tamil Nadu, Puducherry

Seat: Madras

Bench: Madurai

16

Manipur High Court

25 March 2013

North-Eastern Areas (Reorganization) and Other Related Laws (Amendment) Act, 2012

Jurisdiction: Manipur

Seat: Imphal

17

Meghalaya High Court

23 March 2013

North-Eastern States (Reorganisation) and additional legislation (Amendment) Act, 2012

Jurisdiction: Meghalaya

Seat: Shillong

18

Orrisa High Court

3 April 1948

Orissa High Court Ordinance, 1948

Jurisdiction: Orissa

Seat: Cuttack

19

Patna High Court

2 September 1916

Letters Patent authorized by the then British Government

Jurisdiction: Bihar

Seat: Patna

20

Punjab and Haryana High Court

15 August 1947

Punjab High Court Ordinance, 1947

Jurisdiction: Haryana, Chandigarh, and Punjab

Seat: Chandigarh

21

Rajasthan High Court

21 June 1949

Rajasthan High Court Ordinance, 1949

Jurisdiction: Rajasthan

Seat: Jodhpur

Bench: Jaipur

22

Sikkim High Court

16 May 1975

The 36th Indian Constitution Amendment

Jurisdiction: Sikkim

Seat: Gangtok

23

Telangana High Court

1 January 2019

Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014

Jurisdiction: Telangana

Seat: Hyderabad

24

Tripura High Court

26 March 2013

North-Eastern States (Reorganisation) and additional legislation (Amendment) Act, 2012

Jurisdiction: Tripura

Seat: Agartala

25

Uttarakhand High Court

9 November 2000

Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000

Jurisdiction: Uttarakhand

Seat: Nanital

Allahabad High Court

It is also called as High Court of Judicature at Allahabad is the high court located in Prayagraj that has jurisdiction over Uttar Pradesh state.

  • Allahabad High Court was set up on 17 March 1866 (in Agra) and 1869 (in Allahabad).
  • The total number of positions here is 160, wherein 76 are permanent, and 84 are additional.
  • The high court’s chief justice is Rajesh Bindal since 11 October 2021.

Andhra Pradesh High Court

It is the High Court of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The seat of the High Court is currently located in Amaravati.

  • It was constructed on 1 January 2019, with a total number of positions of 37.
  • The chief justice of this high court of Prashant Kumar Mishra since 13 October 2021.

Bombay High Court

The Bombay High Court is the high court of Maharashtra and Goa in India. It is established primarily in Mumbai and is one of the oldest high courts in India.

  • It was established in 1862, and the number of positions is 94, with 71 permanent and 23 additional.
  • Dipankar Datta has been the chief justice of this high court since 2020.

Calcutta High Court

The oldest High Court in India is in Calcutta. It is located in B.B.D. Bagh, Kolkata, West Bengal. It has jurisdiction over West Bengal and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Union Territory.

  • It was established 160 years ago on 1 July 1862.
  • The number of positions in this high court is 72, wherein 54 are Permanent and 18 are added.
  • The chief justice of this high court has been Prakash Shrivastava since 11 October 2021.

Chhattisgarh High Court

The Chhattisgarh High Court is found at Village Bodri, Bilaspur, with jurisdiction over the state of Chhattisgarh.

  • It was established 22 years ago on 11 January 2000.
  • The number of positions in this high court is 22, where 17 are Permanent, and five are added.
  • Arup Kumar Goswami has been the chief justice since 12 October 2021.

In a nutshell, the total high court in India is 25, where every appointed Chief Justice must be an Indian citizen and must have held a judicial post in the Indian territory for ten years.

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High Courts in India FAQs

How many high courts are there in India?

The total number of high courts situated in India is 25. Allahabad High Court, Andhra Pradesh High Court, Bombay High Court, Calcutta High Court, Chhattisgarh High Court, and Delhi High Court.

Can you name the oldest high court in India?

Calcutta high court is the oldest established high court in India. It was based 160 years ago on 1 July 1862. The number of positions in this high court is 72.

Which is the recently established high court in India?

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana High Courts are the newest high courts, established in 2019. In 2022, the total number of high courts in India will be 25.

Which is the Smallest High Court in India?

Sikkim High Court is the Smallest High Court in India, and it was established on 16 June 1975. The high court was founded with a sanctioned court strength of 3 judges.

What were the total high courts in India in 2021?

There were 25 High Courts in India. Among the Union Territories, Delhi has a High Court of its own. Six high courts have authority over more than one State. The high court contains a Chief Justice and other judges appointed by the President of India.