Gaganyaan Mission

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 30, 2022, 11:51

Gaganyaan Mission is an Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) mission that aims to send a three-person crew to space for five to seven days by 2022. Prime Minister Narendra Modi originally announced the space project in his Independence Day address to the country in 2018. ISRO aims to launch two uncrewed missions into space ahead of the manned trip as part of the Gaganyaan Mission.

The first uncrewed mission was launched in December 2020, followed by a second mission in June 2021. However, the first uncrewed flight has been postponed due to the coronavirus epidemic disrupting ISRO's activities and operations.

Objectives of the Gaganyaan Mission

The Gaganyaan Mission's principal goal is to demonstrate the technology. The programme will rely on Indian companies for 60-70 per cent of its components and value-added services. Many essential technologies, including crew module configuration, crew escape system, thermal protection, deceleration and flotation systems, and re-entry capability, have been developed and tested by ISRO.

Other goals include the following:

  • Improvements in the country's scientific and technology levels
  • Several institutes, academia, and industry are all involved in this nationwide effort
  • Improvements in industrial development
  • Youth that inspires
  • Technology advancement for the benefit of society
  • International collaboration is being improved

Gaganyaan Mission Significance

  • It will contribute to the country's advancement in science and technology, as well as inspire children
  • Several agencies, laboratories, industries, institutes and departments will be involved in the Gaganyaan Mission
  • It will lead to a considerable increase in the industrial growth
  • The government has announced the formation of a new organisation, IN-SPACe, as part of changes aimed at increasing private participation in the space sector
  • It will contribute significantly to the advancement of technology for the benefit of society
  • It will aid in the improvement of international cooperation
  • A single International Space Station (ISS) built by numerous countries may be insufficient. Gaganyaan's mission will focus on regional needs such as food, water, and energy security, necessitating regional ecosystems.

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Challenges faced in the Gaganyaan Mission

  • It is critical to creating a crew escape system to prepare for any emergency and ensure its reliability from the launch phase onwards. The Environmental Control and Life Support System (ELCSS) and the spacesuit and crew support systems are still developing.
  • India lacks the necessary equipment for intensive and targeted training, such as centrifuges for experiencing g-forces and planes to imitate zero gravity
  • In the low earth orbits, there is an increasing hazard of space debris, which could result in depressurisation of the crew module cabin in the event of contact with tiny debris
  • Human space flight missions are not one-time investments required to demonstrate national competence; instead, they must be pursued indefinitely for federal benefit. As a result, the financial consequences are a source of concern.
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Other Major Space Projects

  • The ISRO's first mission to Venus will take place this year
  • L-1 Aditya solar: India's first scientific excursion to research the Sun
  • Chandrayaan-3 India's first scientific voyage to study the Sun It's a lander-and-rover-focused mission, and it's a follow-up to Chandrayaan-2

India's next logical step in space technology is to launch a staffed space programme. India will join the elite club of space superpowers if the Gaganyaan Mission succeeds. It will assist India in making progress toward developing its space station. To ensure a safe and effective manned space journey, it is critical to overcome technological difficulties. The acquisition of needed technology necessitates international collaboration.

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FAQs on Gaganyaan Mission

Q.1. How many astronauts will leave as a part of the Gaganyaan Mission?

Reportedly, three astronauts will be leaving the earth's orbit as a part of the Gaganyaan Mission.

Q.2. ISRO signed a contract with which organisation to train people for the Gaganyaan Mission?

ISRO signed a contract with Glavkosmos, a Russia owned organisation, to train ISRO personnel for the Gaganyaan Mission.

Q.3. What will be the structure of the payload in the Gaganyaan Mission?

The payload will have a crew module and a service module as a part of the Gaganyaan Mission.

Q.4. Which organisation is launching the Gagagnyaan mission?

The Gaganyaan Mission is launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

Q.5. Why was the Gaganyaan Mission delayed?

The Gaganyaan Mission was delayed because of the pandemic.