The Indian Constitution has been constructed by taking inspiration from different constitutions belonging to different countries. The concept of Fundamental Duties in India, which specifies the responsibilities of people as citizens of India, has been inspired by the Russian constitution.
The Fundamental Duties are discussed in Article 51A of the Indian Constitution under Part-IV.
History of Fundamental Duties in India
A provision The Swaran Singh Committee took the initiative and recommended the incorporation of the fundamental duties of Indian citizens to serve as responsible citizens of the country. Initially, the 42nd constitutional amendment act of 1976 added ten fundamental duties to the constitution as a coequal to citizens' fundamental rights. The mutual cooperation between the nation and its citizens to sustain a better administrative system in India was the primary goal.
Later, an additional fundamental right was merged with the existing ten duties through the 6th Constitutional Amendment Act in 2002. Hence, the present regulations ask the citizens to stick to the eleven Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution that they are obliged to their country as well as to other citizens.
Importance of Fundamental Duties in India
The fundamental duties of Article 51A of the Indian Constitution ask citizens to abide by its norms and regulations and also to perform activities that respect its visions and institutions. It also encourages citizens to maintain and safeguard the unity and integrity of India. The duties also specify that when called upon, all citizens must defend the country and offer national services.
The citizens are asked to foster harmony and a feeling of shared brotherhood among all Indians, regardless of religious, linguistic, regional, or sectional differences, and to reject behaviours that degrade women's dignity. So, it can be evident that the Fundamental Duties in India remind the citizens of their responsibilities and commitments to their motherland as well as to their fellow citizens.
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Facts regarding Fundamental Duties in India
The fundamental duties also ask us to value and maintain the country's diverse culture's rich legacy, to care for and safeguard the natural environment, including woods, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, as well as to have compassion for all living things, cultivate a scientific mindset, humanism, and an inquiry and reform attitude, to protect public property, and to abstain from violence.
Citizens are also encouraged to strive for excellence in all aspects of individual and collective activity so that the nation continues to ascend to new heights of endeavour and achievement. The latest inclusion of a fundamental duty is to offer educational opportunities to children between the ages of six and fourteen years.
As a result, citizens' fundamental duties inspire them not only to encourage a sense of discipline and devotion to the territory and people but also to warn them against any anti-social or anti-national activity.
To conclude, we can say that the eleven Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution help the country to execute democratic behaviour nationwide.
FAQs on Fundamental Duties in India
Q1. Which part of the Indian constitution discusses the Fundamental Duties in India?
Article 51-A of the Constitution explains the Fundamental Duties in India.
Q2. How many Fundamental Duties in India are mentioned in the Indian constitution?
Previously, ten Fundamental Duties in India were mentioned in article 51a of the Indian constitution. However, another fundamental duty was incorporated into the Indian constitution by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act in 2002. So, currently, there are 11 fundamental duties mentioned in the Indian constitution.
Q3. Why are the Fundamental Duties in India so important to maintain?
The Fundamental Duties in India are considered the counterparts of the fundamental rights of citizens. Since the Indian constitution ensures the fundamental rights of the citizens, the citizens, in turn, are entitled to perform some fundamental duties to maintain the sovereignty of the country. It also demands citizens adhere to basic democratic conduct and behaviour norms.
Q4. Which fundamental duty was incorporated into the list of Fundamental Duties in India through the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act in 2002?
The fundamental duty that was incorporated into the list of Fundamental Duties in India through the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act in 2002 includes the duty of every Indian citizen to provide access to their children to go for primary education between the age groups of six to fourteen.