Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 30, 2022, 13:53

The political power and jurisdiction of India have been constitutionally delegated to union governments and state governments. The Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States are also noticeably different. The jurisdiction of India may appear as a federal system. However, the system leans more toward a unitary government system.

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States - Overview

Since the political authority and administration of India qualify for both the unitary and federal government structures, the Indian power system is called the quasi-federal system. The Indian Constitution also declares that "India, that is, Bharat, shall be a union of states."

The constitutional power division between the state and the union was done very diplomatically. The state governments are never descendants of the central power and do not need the centre's approval to exist.

However, the centre has been assigned the power to rule the territory by the constitution. There are three lists that specify the functions and responsibilities of the union and states across the country. The union list pinpoints the responsibilities of the union government when the state list identifies the state's functions and responsibilities. The third list is called the concurrent list, which is applicable to both governments.

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The Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States have been delegated by the power of the constitution. The union government's functions and responsibilities include the formation and implementation of public policies, along with reviewing their outcome. Union governments also prepare and supervise the policy agenda, which uses statutory enactments to put the government's policies into action.

Functions and Responsibilities of the Union

The union government also establishes coordination among the different ministries, ensuring the system's flow is smooth. Executive control over administration, rule-making to run the country, the management of natural and political crises and disasters, financial management by fiscal supervision, and budget presentation also fall under the union's responsibilities.

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Functions and Responsibilities of the States

The state government is entitled to ensure the proper implementation of law and order within the state territory. The police and public order ensure that internal security is run by the state. The state government is in charge of running the educational and agricultural sectors, as well as adopting strategic goals to boost the country's overall growth.

In conclusion, the proper execution of the Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States is crucial to ensuring the optimal growth of the country.

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FAQs on Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States

Q1. What are the main functions and responsibilities of the Union government?

National matters that have a pivotal role in establishing sovereignty mostly fall under the responsibilities of the Union government. The country's defence, foreign affairs, communications, and currency are some of the matters that belong to the union list. Adding to that, the union government also functions to fulfil the responsibilities affiliated with the concurrent list.

Q2. What are the main functions and responsibilities of the state government?

The state government is liable to protect the law and order as well as the internal safety of the state territory. Education, agriculture, public health, sanitation, hospitals, and dispensaries are some of the departments that the state governments take responsibility for.

Q3. What are the functions and responsibilities that the state governments perform to help the union government?

The Functions and Responsibilities of the State governments perform to help the union government include the authority to establish courts, taxation, etc.

Q4. What are the functions and responsibilities of the state and union governments towards their citizens, and what do they expect in return from the citizens?

The Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the State Governments towards their citizens include providing benefits to the citizens to earn a better livelihood, safeguarding the citizens, protecting laws and order and fundamental rights of the citizens. The citizens are also liable to respect the law and orders implemented by the governments, protect the constitutions, pay taxes honestly, etc.