India witnessed an overwhelming participation of people throughout the country during the freedom movement against the British Raj. Thousands of men and women came forward to join hands and fight bravely against the British and free India from their domination.
Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India
List of the top 10 freedom fighters of India who played a significant role in India’s freedom struggle:
Ram Prasad Bismil (1897-1927):
Ram Prasad Bismil was a notable freedom activist and patriotic poet. He formed a revolutionary organisation called ‘Matrivedi’ and also launched Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) with Ashfaqulla Khan, Sachindra Nath Bakshi, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, and Sachindranath Sanyal.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1962):
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is a notable name in India’s independence movement for his efforts to internationalise India’s freedom struggle. His first big involvement in India’s politics happened in 1920 during the Non-cooperation movement. He continued to fight for India’s freedom and became the first Prime Minister of India after independence.
Rani Lakhsmi Bai (1828-1858):
The Queen of Jhansi was one of the pivotal figures in the rebellion of 1857. Her fearless attitude, cleverness, and bravery made her one of the most memorable female freedom fighters of India. She took her last breath in Kotah-ki-Serai near Gwalior, fighting British colonial rulers in the Revolt of 1857.
Bhagat Singh (1907-1931):
One of India’s outstanding revolutionary leaders, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, was born in Doab, Punjab. His family actively took part in India’s independence movement. He became a freedom fighter and activist at a very early age and founded the Naujavan Bharat Sabha. Bhagat Singh was hanged for killing British police officer John P. Saunders to avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s death.
Mangal Pandey (1827-1857):
Born in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who, in his early life, served the British East India Company army. Later, he became the pioneer of the Sepoy mutiny that led to the rebellion of 1857 as it was believed that the cartridge of the Enfield rifles was greased using pig and cow fat which was against the sentiments of Hindus and Muslims. He is remembered as the first freedom fighter of India.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856-1920):
Born in Konkan, Ratnagiri, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the first popular leaders of India’s independence movement. Tilak was one of the most vocal advocates of India’s Swaraj Movement, which earned him the title “Lokmanya”. He raised his voice against the British Raj by publishing several rebellious newspapers such as Kesari and Mahratta.
Khudiram Bose (1889-1908):
Born in Midnapur, West Bengal, Khudiram Bose was one of the youngest martyrs of India’s independence movement. At the age of 15, he became a part of the Anushilan Samiti and joined in quite a few revolutionary activities. At the age of 18, Khudiram and Prafulla Chaki attempted to kill Douglas Kingsford, the British Chief Magistrate. Khudiram was arrested and sentenced to death by the court for this crime.
Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966):
Born in Mughal Sarai, Uttar Pradesh, Lal Bahadur Shastri was one of the most proactive leaders who participated in various movements such as the Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement, and others led by Mahatma Gandhi. After India acquired independence in 1947, Shastri became the second prime minister of India.
Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948):
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known as ‘Bapu’, was a freedom fighter who chose the way of non-violence to fight against the British Raj. He was a firm believer that only the weapon of non-violence and the power of unity among people could free India from the British. Gandhi had always been a strong supporter of becoming self-dependent, which is why he began weaving cotton clothes using the charkha to avoid the use of foreign goods. India pays homage to Gandhi by celebrating 30th January, his death day, as Martyr Day every year.
Savitribai Phule (1831-1897):
The first female teacher of India, Savitribai Phule, is a pioneering figure whose utmost importance as one of the female freedom fighters of India were gender equality and the upliftment of the marginalised. Along with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, she fought relentlessly in spreading knowledge and education among the women of India and for the rights of women, Dalits, and backward classes.
Our motherland India has become what it is today because of our brave freedom fighters. While some chose violence to fight for our rights, some notable figures still used their words and ideas as weapons. Their immense sacrifices and love for our country will never be forgotten.
FAQs about Freedom Fighters of India
- Why are freedom fighters considered the epitome of patriotism?
The brave freedom fighters fought relentlessly and dedicated their lives to bring independence to our nation. The hardships that they have faced for our country’s well-being are unimaginable. That’s why they are considered the epitome of patriotism.
- What is the significance of freedom fighters?
India was in a dark place for decades, and it was our freedom fighters’ courage that brought us independence. We are living the life we have today just because of these brave souls. So many of them lost their lives in battles, so many of them lost their family and loved ones just to make us free citizens. That’s the significance of our freedom fighters, and we shall never stop being grateful to them.
- What are the names of famous freedom fighters of India?
Some of the most well-known freedom fighters names are Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Khudiram Bose, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Savitribai Phule, Ram Prasad Bismil, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Mangal Pandey, Rani Laxmi Bai, and Bhagat Singh.