European Union [EU]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 10, 2022, 16:15

The consequences of World War II were so severe that they left a deep scar on Europe's socio-economic development. Overall growth was impaired because every sector in European countries had experienced a sharp decline.

This upheaval in European countries sparked the idea of forming a harmonious European territory that promotes inclusivity and combats bigotry. This strategy was employed as an antidote to combat any upcoming chance of war.

What is the European Union [EU]?

The 1948 Hague Congress was the basis for founding the European Movement International and the College of Europe. The College of Europe gave the Europeans' future eminent personalities opportunities to study and grow with them. These historical events contributed directly to the formation of the European Federal System.

Add to that, European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded under the ambit of the Treaty of Paris in 1951, and the European Economic Community (EEC) was established under the ambit of the Treaty of Rome in 1957. These two eminent organisations played a major role in constructing the European Union [EU].

Origin of the European Union [EU]

The EU was founded with the goal of putting a stop to the recurrent and brutal battles between neighbouring states that peaked in World War II.

The Schuman Declaration, which promoted the formation of the European Coal and Steel Community, set the groundwork for what is now known as the European Union [EU].

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Objectives of the European Union [EU]

The first six countries that were eager to join the European Union [EU] from the very first day included France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, West Germany, and Luxembourg.

The main objectives of forming the European Union [EU] were to increase and maintain political collaboration as well as equilibrium across the European territory, adopt the euro as a single currency to improve the economic situation; provide the benefit of single citizenship; revise security and foreign policy to ensure optimisation; and improving the aspects of collaboration in different fields, including the judiciary, immigration, and refugee issues.

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Decision-making bodies of the European Union [EU]

The seven decision-making bodies include the European Parliament, European Council, European Commission, Council of the European Union [EU], Court of Justice of the European Union [EU], European Central Bank, and European Court of Auditors.

The EU initiative was also praised for its continuous contribution to making peace and was rewarded with the Nobel Prize in 2012.

Recently, the United Kingdom has untied its knot with the European Union [EU]. Presently, there are twenty-seven countries that serve as EU members. There are seven major decision-making bodies that work as a driving force to implement the initiatives taken by the European Union.

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FAQs on European Union [EU]

Q.1 Which countries have agreed to form the European Union [EU]?

There are 27 countries that have agreed to form the European Union [EU], including Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Ireland, Italy, Latvia Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Estonia, Finland.

Q.2 How can the administrative structure of the European Union [EU] be described?

The administrative structure of the European Union [EU] is operated by some important decision-making bodies, including the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union [EU]. European Union citizens directly take part in electing the European Parliament. The council of the European Union consists of the government and its members belonging to different EU countries. The presidency of the Council of the European Union is governed by its members, and the members are employed on a rotation basis.

Q.3 What is the function of the European Union [EU]?

The main reason for establishing the European Union [EU] was to promote a comprehensive approach to improving the overall socioeconomic scenario, the advancement of science and technology, and an uninterrupted trade system across the European Union [EU] territory. The purpose of forming the European Union [EU] was also to encourage European citizens to have a sense of inclusiveness and to promote peace.

Q.4 When did the United Kingdom leave the European Union [EU]?

The United Kingdom revoked its commitment to the European Union [EU] Agreement at the end of January 31, 2020.

The United Kingdom revoked its commitment to the European Union [EU] Agreement at the end of January 31, 2020.