Electric Vehicles [EV]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 15, 2022, 7:09

Combustion of fuel is one of the leading causes of global warming. Cars that run on fuel and diesel pollute the environment and quickly finish up these non-renewable resources.

Humans have been trying to shift to sustainable alternatives to save the earth for the past several decades. One such way is using Electric Vehicles.

How Do Electric Vehicles [EV] Work?

EVs operate on an electric motor instead of combusting gases or fuels to generate power for the vehicle. In India, the first major initiative to adopt electric cars was taken back in 2010.

According to this initiative, the government issued a scheme worth 95-crore approved by MNRE or the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. The government announced that organizations that manufacture Electric Vehicles will be given a financial incentive.

Types of Electric Vehicles

Electric Vehicles can be categorized into three types. These groups differentiate based on the source of power they use. For instance, some EVs only run on electricity, while some EVs use a combination of petroleum or diesel and electricity.

Plug-in electric - Such vehicles purely run on electricity, and it's is power when it is plugged in to charge. They don't produce emissions like petrol or diesel.

Plug-in hybrid - Their primary source of power is electricity, but these vehicles also have a fuel engine. These cars produce emissions only when they run on fuel engines but not when they run on electricity.

Hybrid-electric - These vehicles primarily run on petrol or diesel, but they're also fitted with an electric battery. One can charge the battery through regenerative braking. It comes with a button that lets you switch from using a fuel engine to using an electric battery (EV mode.)

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Advantages of Electric Vehicles [EV]

Some perks of using Electric Vehicles are -

  • Save your money as you won't be needed to buy petrol or gas in the future.
  • You can quickly charge your vehicle using a mundane household socket.
  • They are 100% sustainable and eco-friendly. Thus, you'll be contributing towards saving the environment.
  • Electric Vehicles don't need regular maintenance.
  • Electric Vehicles are safer to drive than gas-powered vehicles as they have a lower centre of gravity, making them more stable in case of collision.
  • Electric Vehicles are cheaper to buy, and the government usually offers incentives to the manufacturers and customers who produce or use Electric Vehicles.
  • Electric Vehicles have reduced noise pollution as their batteries are much quieter.
  • They are much easier to drive. There is no need to change the clutch or gears continuously.

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Electric Vehicles [EV] are becoming increasingly popular because of their environmentally friendly reasons and convenience. Governments have started implementing more schemes to encourage the population to switch to EVs.

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FAQs on Electric Vehicles

Q1. Who invented the first Electric Vehicle?

Robert Anderson invented the first electric car somewhere between 1832 to 1839. Thomas Davenport is also credited with inventing the first electric car somewhere around 1834 to 1835.

Q2. When was the subsidy scheme launched in 2010 withdrawn, with regards to Electric Vehicles?

With regards to Electric Vehicles, The MNRE withdrew from the subsidy scheme launched by the government of India in 2010 in March 2012.

Q3. Name one Important feature of the Electric Vehicle policy 2020?

According to this policy, more focus would be given to e-mobility, including e-autos and e-buses. The government will also provide low-interest rate loans to encourage people to buy Electric Vehicles.

Q4. What are the advantages of using Battery Electric Vehicles?

In Electric Vehicles, there is no clutch, gear, exhaust, or spark plugs. Furthermore, they create little or no noise. The rechargeable batteries make it entirely eco-friendly.