Distinguish Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 24, 2022, 8:33

Tropical evergreen forests are dense, multi-layered, and harbour many types of plants and animals and deciduous forest, vegetation composed primarily of broad-leaved trees that shed all their leaves during one season. Read below Distinguish Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest.

Tropical Evergreen Forests

Tropical Evergreen forests are found near the equator. Around seven per cent of the earth's surface is covered by evergreen forests.

Characteristics

  • Evergreen Forests are dense and multi-layered in structure.
  • They form a steep canopy at the top preventing sunlight from reaching the ground.
  • They are home to numerous plants and animals.
  • They shed leaves at different times, thereby remaining evergreen in structure.
  • They emit excess water through transpiration.
  • They are tall, broad, and hardwood types of trees.

Climatic Conditions

  • They are found in areas of more than 200 cm of rainfall.
  • They possess a temperature of around 15 to 30 celsius.
  • The average humidity is about 80%.
  • Annual Rainfall is around 80 to 120 cm.

Trees

  • Ebony: Ebony is used for making furniture, ship-building, black keys of a piano, guitar boards, and cabinet work.
  • Mahogany: Mahogany is used for making furniture, making boats, musical instruments, and outdoor decking
  • Rosewood: Rosewood is used for making timber, guitars, luxury flooring, and bracelets.
  • Rubber: Rubber is used for tires for vehicles, shoes, toys, and Cattle food

Areas

Evergreen forests are found in Andaman and Nicobar, the Western Ghats, The coastline of Peninsular India, Tamil Nadu Coast, and Northeastern states especially Assam.

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Deciduous Forests

Deciduous Forests are found in the temperate zone characterized by winters and rainfall. Around 65.6 per cent of the world consists of Deciduous Forest.

Characteristics

  • They are broad, flat, and wide in structure.
  • Their flowers called blossoms turn into seeds and fruits.
  • They require enough water and sunlight.
  • They shed their leaves in the dry season
  • They are the mixed content of trees and grasses
  • They form a steep canopy at the top preventing sunlight from reaching the ground
  • They are rich in minerals and organic hummus

Climatic conditions

  • They are found in areas of 100 to 150 cm of rainfall.
  • Temperature is about 30 Celsius all year.
  • The average humidity is about 90%.

Trees

  • Teak: Teak is used for Outdoor furniture, Boat Building, Indoor Flooring, Door and Window Frames.
  • Sal: Sal is used for treating wounds and ulcers, promotes metabolism and digestion, weight loss, and relieves pain.
  • Mahua: Mahua is used for glowing skin, hair growth, Heart diseases, bronchitis and prevents itching.
  • Bamboo: Bamboo is used for construction, furniture, medicinal purposes, housing, and building roads.

Areas

Deciduous forests are found in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Himalayan Foothills, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.

The Evergreen and Deciduous Forests are playing a major role in the vegetation. The only difference is the shedding of leaves at different seasons.

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FAQs on Distinguish Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

Q.1. What is the Difference between Equatorial forests and Deciduous Forests?

Evergreen Forest

Deciduous Forest

  • They are tall, broad, and hardwood types of trees.
  • They receive rainfall of around 200 cm of rainfall
  • They do not have a particular time to shed their leaves.
  • Ebony, Mahogany, and Rosewood are the trees found in this zone.
  • They are broad, flat, and wide in structure.
  • They receive around 150 cm of rainfall.
  • They shed their leaves in the dry season.
  • Sal, teak, and Mahua are the trees found in this zone




2. What are the uses of ebony?

Ebony is used for making furniture, musical instruments due to its rich appearance, decorative objects for their fine texture, ship-building, and cabinet-work.

3. Describe the characteristics features of Deciduous Forests?

The characteristics of deciduous forests are:

  • They are rich in moisture and minerals.
  • The flowers known as blossoms turn into seeds and fruits.
  • They form a strong canopy at the top preventing sunlight from reaching the ground.
  • Deciduous Forests shed their leaves during the dry season.

4. What is the List of trees found in the equatorial forests?

The trees found in the Equatorial Forests:

  • Ebony
  • Mahogany
  • Rosewood
  • Cinchona,
  • Dye wood