Directive Principles of State Policy

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 16, 2022, 12:14

The DPSP or Directive Principles of State Policy is present in Part IV of the Indian Constitution. Articles 36 to 51 consist of Directive Principles of State Policies. Article 36 includes the definition of State, and Article 37 contains the application of the DPSP. The principles were formulated to ensure socio-economic justice to the citizens and establish India as a Welfare State. Moreover, Article 37 also mentions two crucial characteristics of DPSP. They are:

  • Essential and basic principles for the governance of the country.
  • DPSP is not enforceable in any Indian court of Law.

Classification of Directive Principles of State Policy

The Directive Principles of State Policies wore divided into three broad categories. There are categorized based on different ideologies and objectives. They are:

  • Socialist Principles
  • Gandhian Principles
  • Liberal and Intellectual Principles

Socialist Principles

  • Articles 38-43A and 47 falls under this principle.
  • Article 38 (1) states that "The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life."
  • Article 39 states that "The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing -
    • That the citizens, men, and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood;
    • That the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good
    • That the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;
    • That there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women
    • That the health and strength of workers, men, and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength
    • That children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment."

Gandhian Principles

  • Articles 40, 43, 43B, 46, 47, 48 fall under this principle.
  • Article 47 states that "The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health."

Liberal and Intellectual Principles

  • Articles 44, 45, 48, 48B, 49, 50, 51 fall under this principle.
  • Article 51 states that "The State shall endeavour to-
    • Promote international peace and security;
    • Maintain just and honourable relations between nations;
    • Foster respect for international law and treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples with one another
    • Encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration."

Directive Principles of State Policy are guiding principles that are essential to our Constitution. For the sustenance of political democracy and establishing India as a Welfare state.

More Current Affair Topics
Cyber Crime VolunteerCyber Security
Difference Between Unicameral and BicameralWomen in Indian Army
Population and Associated IssuesIran supercomputer
SAFF Championship Winners ListLargest Port in India
State Flower of IndiaWhitley Awards 2021

FAQs on Directive Principles of State Policy

Q.1. What is the source behind the Directive Principles of State Policy?

The source of inspiration for Directive Principles of State Policy was the Spanish Constitution, and they took inspiration from Article 45 Irish Constitution.

Q.2. Difference between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy?

Directive Principles of State Policy are positive affirmatives, whereas Fundamental Rights are prohibitive or negative.

Q.3. What does Article 43B state?

The State shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure workers' participation in the management of undertakings, establishments, or other organizations engaged in any industry.

Q.4. What does Article 50 state?

The State shall take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in the State's public services.