Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and Biosphere Reserve

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 7, 2022, 11:08

A wildlife sanctuary is an area set aside to protect animals and plants that are threatened or endangered. A national park, on the other hand, is set aside for the protection of very important areas such as historical and cultural sites. A biosphere reserve, on the other hand, is an area that may not have any of those elements or resources, but it is chosen for its biological diversity and its proper management of it.

Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and Biosphere Reserve - Overview

Below are the Differences Between Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and Biosphere Reserve -

Wildlife Sanctuary

A wildlife sanctuary is an area, usually a part of a large park, that is mainly dedicated to protecting a certain type of animal in the region. It is off-limits to the general public, usually with large warnings of "no trespassing" to protect the animals from people who may try to hurt them. In a wildlife sanctuary, visitors are allowed to go close to the animals without any threat of being attacked by them.

Wildlife sanctuaries can be a great place to go on vacation, see animals in their natural habitat, and interact with them. Some wildlife sanctuaries are also rehabilitation centres. In this case, injured animals are brought here for medical treatment, and once they can be re-released into the wild, they are taken to a designated area and let go.

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National Park

A National Park is a large area of land and water set aside for recreation and nature. They are preserved and protected for future generations and are major tourist attractions. There are many types of National Parks, from forests to the ocean, with various wildlife, ecosystems, and history. And they can be found all over the world.

Biosphere Reserve

A biosphere reserve is an area of land mostly untouched by humans. It's meant to be a place to learn about wildlife and nature before humans started to develop it. For example, we can see how animals that are native to the area adapt to the environment with their behaviour, diet, and appearance of their body parts. We can learn about the habitats of plants and animals. It's also a way to preserve it and keep it as a safe haven for animals that need a safe place to live.

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Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and Biosphere Reserve

Wildlife SanctuaryNational ParkBiosphere Reserve
Species OrientedNatural Habitat for Wild AnimalsEco-system Oriented
Boundaries are not fixedFixed boundaries according to legislationFixed boundaries according to legislation
Tourism destinationTourism destinationTourism not allowed
Fewer RegulationsHigh RestrictionsModerately Restricted

All three of these parks provide a safe haven for wildlife and natural habitats. Each of these parks is unique and provides refuge to its own ecosystems, native animals, and plants. Wildlife sanctuaries are smaller than national parks and are privately owned.

National parks are owned by the government and are larger in size. Biosphere reserves are located in regions worldwide where both natural and cultural heritage are protected. These locations are also home to unique and rare species of animals and plants.

We hope you enjoyed our blog post about the Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and Biosphere Reserverve. The more you know about the world around you, the more you are able to learn and appreciate these beautiful places. Wildlife sanctuaries and national parks provide beautiful habitats for many species of plants and animals.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and Biosphere Reserve

Q1. Which Is the Biggest Wildlife Sanctuary in the World?

The biggest wildlife sanctuary in the world is the Selous Game Reserve in the southeast corner of Tanzania. It is roughly the size of Wales, the entire country of Austria, and two-thirds the size of Maine. It is home to the fabled African elephant, hippopotamus, wild dogs, hyenas, impalas, leopards, and buffalos as well as many other species of animals. Some of the species in the game reserve are endangered and thus the Selous is under protection by the government and by international organizations like the WCS and the IUCN.

Q2. Which Is the Oldest National Park in the World?

The oldest national park in the world is Yellowstone National Park. When it was officially designated as a National Park in 1872, it became the first National Park in the United States. It was also the first national park in the world; the second oldest is Mackenzie Delta National Park, which was created in 1974. In total, there are 59 countries that have national parks, including Brazil and Mexico. The United States has 59 National Parks (in total), including the newest in 2016, which is the National Park Service's 100-year anniversary!

Q3. Which Country Has the Largest Biosphere Reserve?

The largest biosphere reserve in the world is the Tropical Andes Biosphere Reserve. It's located in the Andes Mountain range in South America. With its location, it's a sunny and warm place to live with plenty of rain. This reserve is home to various animal species such as toucans, armadillos, jaguars, and even a variety of plants and trees.

Q4. Which Is the Largest National Park in India?

The Jim Corbett National Park. Situated in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, the park was established in 1936 to protect the Bengal tigers. Through the years, the park has been maintained to protect tigers as well as other animals. This national park of India also protects the habitats of other animals as well as birds, reptiles, and insects.