Difference Between Urban and Rural

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 30, 2022, 5:44

Human settlements are divided into two parts, namely urban and rural settlements. Urban and rural areas exist all around us. Citizens should know the dissimilarities between them. One should be aware of the geographical differences in our country. Read More About the Difference Between Urban and Rural.

Both urban and rural areas play their role in describing our country. Rural areas are as important to our country as urban areas. Read on to know the difference between a rural area and an urban area in India.

Understanding Rural and Urban Areas

Rural and urban areas are differentiated based on geography, population density, social amenities, education facilities, and many other factors. Any human settlement can either be a rural area or an urban area. The rate of economic development and industrialisation in an urban area is high. Compared to an urban area, the rate of development in a rural area is low. Also, rural areas have generally less population density as compared to urban areas. Similarly, rural and urban areas can be differentiated via several factors.

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Difference Between Urban and Rural areas

The Difference Between Urban and Rural Areas are given below:

Urban Area

Rural Area

Cities, metropolitans, and suburbs can be termed urban areas.

When we talk about a rural area, we are primarily talking about a village.

Infrastructural and transit services are abundantly available in an urban area. For example, an urban area can consist of a railway line, airport, roads, and ports.

Infrastructural developments and connectivity aren't usually observed in rural areas.

The available land in an urban area is used for development. Usually, there isn't much vacant land in an urban area.

In a rural area, one can find vacant land without any signs of development.

Urban areas possess a high population density.

The population density is usually low in rural areas.

Around 35% of India's population lives in urban areas.

Around 65% of India's population resides in rural areas.

Due to automobiles, industries, warehouses, and factories, urban areas get polluted.

The level of pollution is low in rural areas as compared to urban areas.

To understand the distinction between urban and rural areas, one does not have to demean any human settlement. If urban areas promote industrialisation, rural areas are known for their agricultural services. However, the government always tries to bring more social amenities to rural areas. By bringing more facilities to a rural area, the ecosystem and greenery of a village shouldn't be hampered.

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FAQs on Difference Between Urban and Rural

Q.1. How does the Difference Between Urban and Rural settlements impact job opportunities in respective segments?

Technological Difference Between Urban and Rural settlements influence job opportunities. In urban areas, diverse jobs are available in trade, manufacturing, commerce, and the IT industry. On the other hand, jobs in rural areas are mostly related to agriculture.

Q.2. In the context of the Difference Between Urban and Rural, what do you mean by the term ‘Urbanisation'?

An increase in population and industrialisation of a settlement is referred to as urbanisation.

Q.3. How does the environment differ in rural and urban human settlements, with regards to the Difference Between Urban and Rural?

Rural human settlements are in direct contact with nature. It is why rural areas are more inclined towards agriculture. The level of pollution is also low in rural areas as compared to urban areas. Due to automobiles, industries, warehouses, and factories, urban areas are more polluted.

Q.4. When it comes to the Difference Between Urban and Rural, in which settlement is technology more developed?

When it comes to the Difference Between Urban and Rural, Technology is more developed in an urban settlement.