Difference Between Republican and Democrat

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 17, 2022, 8:12

In the United States, the terms Democrat and Republican refer to the country's two major political parties- the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.

The main difference between a Republican and a Democrat lies in the ideology they foster.

The Republican Party advocates conservative ideas. They wish to preserve current conditions and institutions. In contrast, the Democratic Party advocates liberal ideas. It usually means they support progressive changes, especially those aimed at creating greater social and economic equality.

Difference Between a Republican and a Democrat



Democrats prefer limiting tax cuts to middle- and low-income families, while corporations and wealthy individuals should pay higher taxes.

Republicans believe in tax cuts to all firms and individuals, regardless of income level.

Democrats frequently support increased government control and regulation of the healthcare system, like the ACA, guaranteeing everyone accesses to healthcare coverage.

Republicans oppose health policies like the ACA (Affordable Care Act). They believe that much government involvement in the healthcare industry will raise expenses and diminish the quality of treatment.

Democrats prefer more progressive approaches, like the Common Core System.

Republicans want more conservative educational reforms, such as longer school days and more concentrated programs.

Democrats favour giving more money to students in the form of loans and grants.

Republicans favour private-sector lending over government financing.

Democrats have a history of supporting legislation that restricts certain freedoms.

Republicans think that people should have the freedom to choose what they do and do not do, as long as it does not break existing laws.

Democrats are more progressive, thinking that instead of focusing on punishments, people involved in nonviolent acts, like drug trafficking, should be rehabilitated.

Republicans typically believe in harsher penalties for crimes such as the illegal sale of narcotics.

Democrats strongly oppose the death penalty.

They support the death penalty.

Democrats favour regulating drilling for oil and other fossil fuels to safeguard the environment.

Republicans believe in extending drilling activities to generate more energy at a lower cost to consumers.

Democrats advocate for alternative energy sources.

Republicans believe that the market forces should determine viable energy sources.

Democrats advocate for more targeted strikes and limited troop deployment.

Republicans call for an all-out military operation to topple authoritarian regimes that mistreat their people and constitute a threat to others.

Democrats believe that the government should manage social programs such as welfare policies, unemployment compensation, food stamps, and health policies like the ACA and Obamacare to assist individuals in need. They favour spending more tax resources on these services.

Republicans recognize the significance of these social programs, but they advocate for tighter rules and less funding. Republicans believe in funding private entities that assist the needy.

Democrats want to raise the minimum wage so that people can spend their money on better goods.

Republicans usually oppose raising the minimum wage, claiming that businesses must keep prices low to survive and ensure that all Americans have access to quality goods and services.

Democrats favour trade restrictions.

Republicans support free trade to keep consumer prices low and businesses successful.

Democrats have more liberal views, supporting abortion and homosexual marriage. However, they argue in favour of gun control legislation, restricting gun ownership.

Republicans are conservative. They oppose same-sex marriage. Moreover, they argue against abortion and believe in gun culture.

In the United States, there are two major political parties- Democrats and Republicans. Despite certain shared assumptions, each member represents a fully independent system with unique beliefs.

Democrats advocate for a liberal worldview and have views opposed to those of their Republican counterparts. They support homosexual marriage, abortion rights, and strict gun control.

Republicans, in contrast to Democrats, take a more conservative stance. Also, they oppose same-sex wedlock and abortion. Moreover, they believe in the right to keep and bear arms.

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FAQs on Difference Between Republican and Democrat

Q.1. What is GOP?

In the 1870s, politicians and the press referred to the Republican Party as the "great old party" (GOP). The term underlines its role in defending the Union during the Civil War.

Q.2. Which states have the reputation of being a traditional Democrat/ Republican stronghold?


  • New York
  • California
  • Massachusetts


  • Oklahoma
  • Kansas
  • Texas

Q.3. What is the election symbol of Democrats and Republicans?

The election symbol of the Democrats is a donkey, while that of Republicans is an elephant.

Q.4. Which party favours amiable immigration policies?

Democrats favour friendly immigration policies, while Republicans advocate strict ones.