Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 17, 2022, 6:31

Humans have developed several streams of learning about the world around us. Education has played an important role in understanding different streams of study. Several streams of study include science, commerce, medicine, and many more.

Two streams of studies that are often confused are philosophy and psychology. Both the streams provide different learning and are used to solve different life problems. Read Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology.

Philosophy and Psychology - Overview

Philosophy refers to the love of wisdom. Under the stream of philosophy, individuals seek to understand the truth about themselves, the people around them, and the relationships they share.

The stream of philosophy engages people in asking, answering, contemplating, and arguing to get wise answers to basic questions of life. Psychology refers to the study of people's minds and their behaviours.

The discipline includes several subordinate fields of study, including social behaviour, human development, sports, and cognitive processes.

There are many fundamental differences between philosophy and psychology based on the questions they ask.

Origins of Philosophy and Psychology

There is a Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology based on origins too.

Origins of philosophy date back to when historians tried to seek answers and made efforts to understand the way people try to find the answers to questions about finding solutions about truth, God, values, existence, and knowledge.

Several historical figures like Aristotle, Plato, Marx, and Hume are known for their work in philosophy from 384 to 428 BC. Psychology is a comparatively new stream of science and has origins that date back to 400 to 500 BC.

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Methods and Procedures Used in the Streams

Although both the streams of studies combine sub-disciplines and work together at times, there is a Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology in procedures.

Philosophy deals with the study of thinking and understanding right and wrong. It asks questions about wisdom, God, and spirituality. It uses non-empirical methods for seeking the answers. This stream of science deals with solving and finding solutions to confusion.

On the other hand, psychology uses statistical, rational scientific methods and experiments to support its study. This stream of study does not rely on assumptions and strongly depends on the data.

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Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology

The following table lists the Differences Between Philosophy and Psychology -

Stream

Philosophy

Psychology

Origin

The origin of philosophy began with the thoughts of Pythagoras and Socrates from 384 to 428 BC

The origins of psychology can be traced to 400-500 BC

Definition

Philosophy aims to think about thinking and refers to a love for wisdom

The stream of psychology aims at studying the soul

Pioneers

Socrates is the father of philosophy

Wilhelm Wundt, the German scientist started the study of psychology while conducting behavioural studies

Procedures

Non-empirical methods are used in the stream

Empirical and statistical procedures are used in the stream

Premise of Study

The central premise of philosophy is to know “what if?”

The central premise of the study of psychology is to find the answer to behaviours and the mind and to ask the question “why?”

Philosophy and psychology are two interconnected streams that try to look into finding solutions to interlinked questions. Philosophy deals with the study of knowledge about several larger than life questions, whereas psychology deals with understanding people's minds and behaviours.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology

Q1. What is the chief Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology which makes them different from each other?

The Main Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology is that the former investigate existence and God while the latter investigates how human minds work.

Q2. Is there a Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology with respect to the methods used?

Yes, there is a Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology with respect to the methods used. Philosophy generally uses non-empirical methods of study, while psychology uses data and empirical methods of study.

Q3. What is the Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology in terms of origin?

The Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology in terms of origin is that Philosophy has its origin in 300 BC while psychology has its origin in 500 BC.

Q4. What is the Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology with respect to the questions they ask?

The Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology with respect to the questions they ask is that the stream of philosophy deals with questions on thinking, truth, God, values, existence, and knowledge, whereas Psychology asks questions about how people's minds work and how it affects their behaviours.