People live in an ocean of bacteria and viruses. These viruses and bacteria spread infectious diseases that can spread in multiple ways. At times the infectious diseases break the threshold and spread across the country or can have a global impact.
This spread of infectious diseases is classified using terminologies like pandemic, endemic, and epidemic. Epidemic refers to a condition where a disease affects many people at one time and spreads from person to person in places where it is not common. An epidemic can turn into a pandemic if not contained.
It is also important to understand the Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic for categorizing infectious diseases.
As our world faces one of the most detrimental pandemics of COVID-19, many people are intrigued to Know the Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic. The pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus claimed several lives around the world, and several new variants are now causing diseases at different rates.
Let's understand the Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic.
What are Pandemic and Endemic?
There are a number of differences between a pandemic and an endemic with respect to region, extent, and number of deaths. A pandemic is a kind of epidemic where the infectious disease gets spread to a large area like a country, continent, or the entire world.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a pandemic as the spread of a new infectious disease in the entire world. The number of infectious disease cases exponentially grows during a pandemic.
On the other hand, endemic is the outbreak of an infectious disease in a limited region that spreads at a limited rate.
Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic
The following table lists the major Differences Between Pandemic and Endemic -
Type of Outbreak
Disease outbreaks in a country, continent, or the entire world
Disease outbreaks in a specific region
The sudden outbreak which spreads globally
Found permanently present in a region or a population
Derived from Greek words pan means all and demos means people.
Derived from Greek words en means in and demos means people
Rate of Spread
New cases appear every day
Spread is stable and gets predictable over time
New Viral Strain
Chickenpox in the UK
Malaria in Africa
Can cause high numbers of death
Does not cause very high numbers of death
Cases in communities
Individual and family suffering
Contact with Wild Animals
Hunting and eating wild animals can lead to the spread of viruses from the wild animals
No such connection is observed
Prediction of Spread
Difficult to predict
Spread can be predicted over time
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An endemic disease can become a pandemic or epidemic and vice versa. For example, cholera was an illness that was caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacteria, Vibrio cholera. The disease originated in India, but the outbreak spread globally. In several regions, cholera is now endemic. The terms epidemic, pandemic, and endemic are used by scientists worldwide to categorize the spread of infectious diseases.
The basic Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic is that the infectious disease spreads across countries, continents, and the entire world in a pandemic. On the other hand, the disease is spread only within one region and is endemic.
FAQs on the Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic
Q.1. Is there a Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic with respect to the extent of disease spread?
Yes, there is a Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic with respect to the extent of disease spread. In a pandemic, the disease spreads across countries, continents, and around the world. In an endemic, the disease spreads within a region.
Q.2. What is the Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic in terms of the number of deaths?
The Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic in terms of the number of deaths is that the deaths in a pandemic are higher in numbers compared to disease spread in an endemic.
Q.3. Is there a Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic with reference to consequences that people or nations have to deal with?
Yes. There is a Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic with reference to consequences that people or nations have to deal with. The consequences of a pandemic can be seen at a global level with economic disruptions, while the endemic affects the individuals and their families or the people in the region.
Q.4. What is the primary Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic, and can an endemic become a pandemic?
The Main Difference Between Pandemic and Endemic is that the pandemic outbreak is sudden and can spread across countries, continents, and the world, while an endemic outbreak only spreads in a specific region and can become predictable over time. An endemic can turn into a pandemic if not monitored or contained.