Difference Between Non Cooperation and Civil Disobedience

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 31, 2022, 9:40

The non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements are among the stark pillars of the freedom movement led by the Indians against the oppressive British rule in the country for more than 200 years. The two movements were headed by Mahatama Gandhi, a leading figure in the struggle against ending British rule. However, there is a major Difference Between Non Cooperation and Civil Disobedience movements, although both received nationwide support.

Difference Between Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience

Parameters

Non-Cooperation Movement

Civil Disobedience Movement

Starting Date

The movement was launched on 5th September 1920. It continued till the same date in February 1922, till the incident of Chauri Chaura took place.

The movement was launched on 12th March 1930. The salt satyagraha movement by Mahatama Gandhiji marked the initiation of the movement.

Area Covered

This movement was confined to limited parts of India.

There was widespread participation from people all over India.

Major objectives of the movement

The main idea behind leading this movement was to stop cooperation with the British.

The active movement was a step towards showing complete disregard for the government ruling India.

Participation from the Muslim community

The movement witnessed active participation from the Muslim community all over the country.

The movement saw little participation from the Muslim community due to the British's policy of divide and rule.

Reason of cessation

During the Chauri Chaura incident, people became very violent, which led to the movement's withdrawal.

The movement was called off after the pact between Gandhiji and Irwin.

 

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Before the inception of the non-cooperation movement, the massacre of Jallianawala Bagh on 13th April 1919 and the Rowlatt Act, initiated in March 1919, served as a blunder on the part of the British government. Consequently, the Indian National Congress withdrew its support for any British reforms. Followed by this, the movement was launched by Gandhiji to attain complete freedom from the British government.

On the other hand, the Civil Disobedience movement was the face of active disobedience of all government policies and rules by the general public. Gandhiji started the movement in a bid to break specific rules and policies of the British government.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Non Cooperation and Civil Disobedience

Q.1. Despite the difference between the non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements, are there any similarities between the two?

Despite the difference between the non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements, A common similarity between the two movements is the intention of the general public of the country, which wanted to drive away from the British from India. Due to the movements, the people could be united in an attempt to act against the oppressive rule of the British and speak as one voice.

Q.2. Even though there was a difference between the non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements, would you say that they were successful at any level?

The fact that non cooperation and civil disobedience movements witnessed active participation from the people is a clear indication of their success at the national level. Moreover, the policy of divide and rule by the British was causing strong unrest around these times, and these movements helped to unify them as against the British rule.

Q.3. Elucidate the role of movements towards the freedom of India and whether the difference between non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements caused a hurdle in the same.

The major impact of the non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements was to show the British government that their policy of divide and rule was useless. The confidence of the British rule was cracked thanks to these movements, which is why it can be said that they were instrumental in liberating the country.

Q.4. Did Gandhiji put forth any demands during the civil disobedience movement?

Among the 11 demands of Gandhiji during the movement was to bring down the expenditure on civil services by 50% and bring changes in the arms act.