Difference Between Nazism and Fascism

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 17, 2022, 8:19

The inter-war period between the first and second world wars was the era of Nazism and fascism. One can see it as the repercussions of the Paris Peace Conference signed after World War I and the causes of World War II. Read Difference Between Nazism and Fascism.

The two totalitarian and dictatorial regimes came into reality in Germany and Italy, respectively, because the democratic form of government failed to solve the economic crisis, unemployment, inflation and loss of prestige the two countries faced after World War II.

Italy was unsatisfied and humiliated in not receiving the earlier promised territorial gains by the winning side of the Triple Entente in the Paris peace conference of 1919. Italy had changed its loyalty from the losing side of the triple alliance in the later phase of world war II for territorial gains, which it did not receive and lost its 7 lakh soldiers instead.

On the other hand, Germany of the triple alliance was highly humiliated and looted in the treaty of Versailles, especially by France.

Though both ideologies share some features of totalitarianism, dictatorship, ultranationalism, militarism, territorial expansionism, etc., the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism is significant.

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Major Difference Between Nazism and Fascism

Nazism

Fascism

Nazism comes from the German name of the Nazi Party or National Socialist German Workers' Party.

Fascism comes from the word fascismo, which further comes from fascio, meaning a bundle of sticks'. Also, fascio comes from the word fasces, a symbol of power in the ancient roman empire.

Racism was intrinsic to Nazism, which propounded that the Aryan race is supreme and has pureblood. Jews were conspired to be anti-national or anti-German.

Statism is the crux of fascism, where the state is all-embracing where no individual or spiritual value exists beyond the state. Fascism is not racial and holds no strong opinion of any race.

The state plays an instrumental role in preserving and propagating racial discrimination.

Fascism believes in corporatism which incorporates and binds up all the social elements to achieve the goal of an organic state.

Nazism vehemently opposes class discrimination as it is a stumbling block in the path of the Aryan supremacy theory of nazists. Aryans shall remain united against Jews and not divided between bourgeoisie and proletariat.

Fascism recognises the class system and even practices it openly.

Nazism is against social mobility or even wants to kill every Jew.

Social mobility exists in fascism.

Nazism was a more intense and brutal ideology that took the life of almost 6 million Jews

The ideology of fascism was comparatively less brutal, and fewer killings happened in Italy under fascism.

The degree of penetration was higher because of the politicisation of race. Dubious conspiracy theories against Jews brainwashed the people of Germany.

The degree of penetration was comparatively lower in the case of fascism in Italy.

Nazism was the ideology of Germany created by Adolf Hitler. Another nazist is Joseph Mengele

Benito Mussolini in Italy instituted fascism. Another fascist is Oswald Mosley.

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Both the ideologies of Nazism and Fascism represent extreme nationalism. However, the wayS used to attain extreme nationalism explains the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism. While Nazism believes in the superiority of the Aryan race and inferiority of Jews, Fascism places everything below state or nation, whether it is an individual or spiritual belief, with no racial discrimination.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism

Q1. What is the main Difference Between Nazism and Fascism?

The Main Difference Between Nazism and Fascism is that Nazism values racism, whereas the state is the highest entity under Fascism. Nazism is against social mobility and the class system. However, Fascism is not.

Q2. Is the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism relevant today?

Today, people use the words Nazism and Fascism interchangeably. However, totalitarian countries cannot be categorised wholly as Nazist or fascist because they show the tendencies of both regimes. The Difference Between Nazism and Fascism remains relevant to understanding the concepts well.

Q3. While studying the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism, which ideology proves to be more brutish?

While studying the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism, both the degree of penetration and brutality are higher in the ideology of Nazism than in Fascism which seeks to brainwash people against one or more races while establishing the supremacy of one.

Q4. Which two infamous leaders represent the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism?

The two infamous leaders who represent the Difference Between Nazism and Fascism are:

  • Adolf Hitler of Germany pioneered the ideology of Nazism
  • Benito Mussolini of Italy revealed Fascist tendencies