Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 31, 2022, 10:59

Temple architecture is one of the primary forms of Hindu architecture and has many styles. Moreover, according to history, different countries have distinct architectural styles.

The two major styles are Nagara style architecture which is mainly seen in northern India. The second is the Dravidian style of architecture, mainly seen in southern India.

These temples have a rich history, and their distinct features make them unique. This article will discuss the major Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Styles.

Dravidian Style of Architecture

The Dravidian style of architecture is the oldest style of architecture with many distinct features. Most of these styles of temples have short pillars, and they also have boundary walls and gateways.

Nagara Style of Architecture

In the Nagara style of architecture, temples are built on a platform. Also, these temples do not have any boundary walls or gateways.

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Tabular Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style Temples

Parameters for Difference

Nagara Style architecture

Dravidian Style architecture

Location

Temples that are present in the north Indian region are known as Nagara style temples.

Temples that are present in the South Indian region are known as Dravidian style temples.

Main temples spire

Multiple shikharas are present in the Nagara style of temples.

Dravidian style has one single shikhara.

Central Tower

The shape of the central tower is curvilinear in the case of Nagara style temples.

The shape of the central tower is a pyramid in the case of Dravidian style temples.

Pedestal

Pedestals are higher than the ground.

Pedestals are not higher than the ground.

Boundaries and deities

Not much importance is given to the boundaries and deities that are found inside.

Boundaries of the temple are given a lot of importance, and deities are found outside.

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Similarities Between Nagara and Dravidian styles of Architecture

Nagara and Dravidian styles of architecture were developed and designed with the assistance of their prevailing dynasties.

Some similar features between the Nagara and Dravidian style temples are:

  • Sacred pools
  • Mandaps with pillars
  • Temple grounds
  • Prakara walls
  • Multiple entrances in the temple

The buildings of both types of temples are engraved and full of sculptures. Both showcase Indian literature and cultures.

Now that you have learnt about the basics of the Nagara style and Dravidian style temple architecture, you can go into the details. Each type of temple shows the mythologies of the specific dynasty. We hope that this article was helpful to you and gave you all the important information about the Differences Between Nagara and Dravidian Style.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style

Q1. What is the Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style temples on the basis of mandapa towers?

The Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style temples is that multiple towers are present in the Nagara style of temples. On the other hand, one single tower is present in the Dravidian style.

Q2. What is the Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style temples on the basis of the placement of deities?

The Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style temples is that deities are placed inside the Nagara style temples. But in the Dravidian style, deities are placed outside.

Q3. What is the Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style temples based on location?

The Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style temples is that Nagara style temples are present in north India, and the Dravidian style temples are present in southern India.

Q4. Why do you need to know the Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style of temples?

It is important to Know the Difference Between Nagara and Dravidian Style temples as they can be asked during civil services examinations.