Difference Between Mythology and History

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 11, 2022, 7:52

The happenings of ancient times are always exciting for everyone. We hear many myths, stories, and tales of ancient times from our elders. The studies of ancient times help us in the present. We often hear the two standard terms of ancient times - mythology and history.

In this article, we will discuss the Difference Between Mythology and History.

What is Mythology?

Mythology is defined as studying traditional gods, supernatural powers, heroes, demons, kings, etc.

Mythology can talk about both creation and the destruction of the world. It contains stories about how God created this universe and what is the connection between God and men. The primary aim is to teach or convey some moral code to the people.

The study of mythology is beneficial to students of all ages as they learn about the diverse stories and cultures of the past. Mythology also teaches students about the impact of the past on the present world.

What is History?

History is the study of changes in events across time. History contains events and happenings worldwide, such as political facts, cultural events, wars, economies, religious happenings, and much more. We have a proper record of all the historical facts.

History is a broad subject for researchers to study. It can be described as a never-ending loop of past events. Many historical documents like Upanishads, Vedas, and much more contain records of the events.

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Table of Differences between Mythology and History

Given below are the details of the Differences Between Mythology and History -

Parameters for the Comparison

Mythology

History

Definition

Mythology refers to the analysing of myths of ancient times; we can also say that mythology is the detailed study of myths in the past

History refers to the study of events, people in the past, and anything specific that occurred in the past

Characters


Mythology discusses supernatural gods, demons, humans, and much more


History talks about the events that happened in the past

Academic Disciplines

Mythology can be associated with psychology, folklore, and anthropology

History is used to create a link and a timeline between the past events

Support

You cannot support mythology with solid proof of evidence

You can support the facts of history with events, dates, evidence, etc.

Area of Study

  • Symbolism hero
  • Religion
  • Theology
  • Creation
  • Nature
  • Diplomatic
  • Social
  • Technology
  • Military
  • Economic
  • Cultural history

Examples of mythology

Odyssey – is a famous book by Homer

There are many books based on historical events

Some Similarities Between Mythology and History

  • Both history and mythology are a part of ancient events in which history is verified by proof, whereas any evidence does not verify mythology
  • The nature of stories is similar between mythology and history
  • Both mythology and history are different ways to look into the past

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The Significant Difference Between Mythology and History is that mythology is based on natural and supernatural beliefs and aspects. On the other hand, historical facts are based on real-life events that occurred in the past.

History is a combination of actual and well-proven facts, whereas it is not the same as mythology. Mythology lacks proper documentation and authentic proof to support the facts and numbers.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Mythology and History

Q.1. What is the major Difference Between Mythology and History?

The Major Difference Between Mythology and History is that one cannot support mythology with solid proof of evidence. On the other hand, History can be supported by events, dates, evidence, etc.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between Mythology and History based on areas of study?

The Difference Between Mythology and History based on areas of study is as follows:

Areas of study for Mythology are:

  • Symbolism hero
  • Religion
  • Theology
  • Creation
  • Nature

Areas of study for History are:

  • Diplomatic
  • Social
  • Technology
  • Military
  • Economic
  • Cultural History

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Mythology and History based on evidence?

The Difference Between Mythology and History based on evidence is that you cannot support Mythology with solid proof of evidence, whereas you can support the facts of History with events, dates, evidence, etc.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Mythology and History based on the characters and events discussed?

The Difference Between Mythology and History based on the characters and events discussed is that Mythology discusses supernatural gods and demons, and History talks about real-life people, events, and happenings.