Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 10, 2022, 5:00

There are three types of legislatures in the central government system in India, namely, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha, and Rajya Sabha. All three of them are legislative decision-making bodies, but there are some differences between all three. There is often some confusion regarding the Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha.

What is Lok Sabha?

  • It is the lower house of the Indian Parliament
  • All the members in Lok Sabha are called MPs, i.e., the members of Parliament
  • Each of these members of Parliament is elected from different states and union territories of the country
  • The President nominates two members of the Lok Sabha to represent the Anglo-Indian community
  • Each member of Parliament should be an Indian citizen and above 25 years of age
  • Elections for Lok Sabha are held every five years
  • According to the Constitution of India, there are 552 seats in Lok Sabha

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What is Vidhan Sabha?

  • The Vidhan Sabha is the legislative body of Indian States and Union Territories
  • Vidhan Sabha is also known as the Saasana Sabha
  • It is the sole legislative body in 28 states and three union territories. In the remaining states and union territories, it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures
  • All the members of the Vidhan Sabha are called MLA, i.e., members of the legislative assembly
  • Each MLA is directly elected for a term of 5 years
  • The Constitution of India clearly states that Vidhan Sabha should not have less than 60 members and more than 500 members
  • However, there are some exceptions for Sikkim, Mizoram, Goa, and the union territory of Puducherry. These states and union territories have less than 60 MLAs
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Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

The Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha are presented below:

Lok Sabha

Vidhan Sabha

Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Indian Parliament

The Vidhan Sabha is the legislative body of Indian States and Union Territories

The Constitution of India has allocated 552 seats to Lok Sabha

The Constitution of India clearly states that Vidhan Sabha should have less than 60 members and more than 500 members

In a state of emergency, the President of India can dissolve the Lok Sabha

At the request of the Chief Minister, the Governor of any state can dissolve Vidhan Sabha during an emergency

A motion of no confidence can be passed against the central government in Lok Sabha

A motion of no confidence can be passed against the state government in Vidhan Sabha

During an emergency, if the Lok Sabha is dissolved, Rajya Sabha becomes the parliamentary authority

During an emergency, Vidhan Sabha has the authority to dissolve the Vidhan Parishad

Lok Sabha has the authority to sanction, revise, and abolish laws at a central level

Vidhan Sabha has the authority to sanction, revise, and abolish laws at a state level only

 

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FAQs on the Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha?

The Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha is that Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Indian Parliament, whereas Vidhan Sabha is the legislative body of Indian States and Union Territories.

Q.2. What is the key Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha regarding their authority?

A key Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha regarding the authority they have is that Lok Sabha has the authority to sanction, revise, and abolish laws at a central level, but Vidhan Sabha has the authority to sanction, revise, and abolish laws at a state level only.

Q.3. Why is it important to Know the Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha?

It is important to Know the Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha to clearly understand all three types of legislatures in the Indian central government system, namely, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha, and Rajya Sabha.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha regarding the number of seats?

The Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha regarding the number of seats is that the Constitution of India clearly states that Vidhan Sabha should have less than 60 members and more than 500 members, and there are 552 seats in Lok Sabha.