Difference Between Legislative and Executive

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 9, 2022, 10:37

A parliament in the political system is divided into three branches, namely, legislative, executive, and judicial. All these three branches have been made keeping in mind power distribution in an unbiased and balanced way.

However, sometimes people often get confused about the difference between the legislative and executive branches. Hence, a clear Difference Between Legislative and Executive has been mentioned below.

What is legislative?

  • The legislative body in India is the parliament of India, composed of the president of India and the two houses, namely, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  • The president is the head of the legislature and has powers to summon and defer either of the two houses of parliament
  • The head of the legislature also has the authority to dissolve Lok Sabha
  • During the British colonial rule, the legislative body was the Imperial Legislative Council, created in 1861
  • The imperial legislative council was dismantled when India gained independence in 1947

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What is an executive?

  • The executive body of the parliament is the council of ministers, led by the Prime Minister of the country
  • The executive branch enforces the law, implements policies, and governs all the states of the country
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Difference Between Legislative and Executive

Given below are the Key Differences Between Legislative and Executive:

Legislative

Executive

The legislative body is the parliament of the country

The executive body is the council of ministers, led by the Prime minister of the country

The legislative body is responsible for passing new laws and policies

The executive body is responsible for the proper implementation of the laws and policies passed by the legislative body

The legislative body in India does not have the authority to sign foreign treaties

The executive body in India can sign or approve foreign treaties

All the new rules and regulations the legislative makes must be presented to the executive body for approval

The executive body can make new rules and regulations independently under the Constitution’s Acts

During the question-answer session, the member of the parliament can directly ask questions without categorising them as starred or unstarred

During the question-answer session, the questions are divided into two categories, starred and unstarred; the minister verbally answers the starred question and unstarred questions are answered in a written format

The ordinance must be shelved within 6 weeks after the beginning of the Parliament session

The ordinance can be proclaimed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister if the Parliament is not in session

Legislature has the power to give its authorisation to all Government expenses

All the Government expense concerned items need to be tabled in Parliament; it is normally done when Union Budget is tabled in Parliament

 

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FAQs on the Difference Between Legislative and Executive

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Legislative and Executive?

The Difference Between Legislative and Executive is that the legislative body in India is the parliament of India, composed of the president of India and the two houses, namely, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, whereas the executive body of the parliament is the council of ministers, led by the Prime Minister of the country.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between Legislative and Executive regarding duties?

The Difference Between Legislative and Executive regarding duties is that the legislative body is responsible for passing new laws and policies, whereas the executive body is responsible for properly implementing the laws and policies passed by the legislative body.

Q.3. Why is it important to Know the Difference Between Legislative and Executive?

A parliament in the political system is divided into three branches, namely, legislative, executive, and judicial. It is important to Know the Difference Between Legislative and Executive to understand the power distribution clearly.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Legislative and Executive regarding authority to sign foreign treaties?

The Difference Between Legislative and Executive regarding authority to sign foreign treaties is that the legislative body in India does not have the authority to sign foreign treaties.