Difference Between Law and Constitution

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 13, 2022, 14:09

Law and Constitution are two different terms that are often confused about their meanings and connotations. Strictly speaking, there is a Difference Between Law and Constitution.

Let's understand this vital Difference Between Law and Constitution with this blog post.

What Is Law?

The term 'law' refers to a set of rules or regulations that are enforced by the state for the benefit of the citizens. It consists of all the sets of rules and regulations which the government makes for the welfare of its citizens.

For example, there are laws against murder, rape, and theft. The government has created these laws to protect its citizens from such crimes.

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What Is Constitution?

The term 'constitution' is defined as a written set of fundamental principles according to which a state or organization is governed. It consists of all the rules that govern a country.

For example, India has a written constitution, which gives its citizens all their rights and freedom as human beings. The Indian Constitution also gives its citizens certain rights with regard to religion and personal beliefs.

To sum up, the Difference Between Law and Constitution is that law refers to one single rule or regulation that the government makes for the welfare of its citizens. In contrast, Constitution refers to all rules and regulations put together in a document that governs a country.

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5 Crucial Differences Between Law and Constitution

ConstitutionLaw

The constitution is the fundamental law of the land which is based on maxims, principles, and values

The law on the other hand is a collection of rules that are formulated by a legislative body for addressing certain issues and creating order in society

In the case of constitutional amendments, special mechanisms need to be followed which usually require a referendum

Unlike the constitution, laws can be amended or repealed comparatively easily by the government

Constitutions usually have to be interpreted and are subject to judicial review

Laws are enacted and executed and can be declared unconstitutional

A constitution outlines the functioning of the various branches of a government

The law provides rules on how individuals should behave towards each other and how they should conduct their affairs

The relationship between Law and Constitution is that Constitution is supreme

Law that is inconsistent with the constitution shall be considered void

Law and constitution are the two terms often used interchangeably in our day-to-day lives. The Major Difference Between Law and Constitution lies in the fact that the constitution is the supreme law. If there is a conflict between ordinary law and a provision in the constitution, the constitutional provision prevails, and the ordinary law is void.

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FAQs on Difference Between Law and Constitution

Q1. Is there any Difference Between Law and Constitution?

Yes, there is a Difference Between Law and Constitution. Law is a set of rules that govern the people. On the other hand, the constitution is the supreme law of a country. It contains the rules for making laws and the fundamental rights of the citizens.

Q2. What is the Difference Between Law and Constitution in terms of amendments?

The primary Difference Between Law and Constitution in terms of amendments is that constitution may be changed by an amendment; laws are made or repealed by statute or ordinance.

Q3. What is the difference between law and a constitutional provision in terms of power in case of conflict?

The Difference Between Law and Constitution provision in case of conflict is that the constitutional provision prevails, whereas the law is considered void or invalid by the Supreme Court of India.

Q4. What is the Difference Between Law and Constitution in terms of their formulating body?

The Difference Between Law and Constitution in terms of their formulating body is that a law is formulated by the legislature, called the parliament in India. It also includes other authorities like the judiciary and executive; on the other hand, the Indian Constitution was formulated by the constituent assembly, which was set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan.