Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 31, 2022, 10:34

If you streamline yourself with the global warming and climate change talk in current times, you must have definitely heard about the Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement.

Let's understand the major Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement through this blog post.

What is Kyoto Protocol?

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement, adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 which came into force on 16 February 2005. Kyoto Protocol is further linked with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to help combat the increasing emissions of greenhouse gases.

Kyoto Protocol also offers countries an additional means of meeting their targets through three market-based mechanisms. The Kyoto mechanisms are mission trading, joint implementation, and the clean development mechanism (CDM).

What is Paris Agreement?

Paris Agreement is the first comprehensive climate agreement that is globally accepted. It is a historic agreement reached by 195 countries at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) in December 2015 in Paris.

It aims to reduce global warming by limiting the thermodynamic trapping of atmospheric gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect (GHG). Furthermore, the Paris agreement aims at strengthening the countries across the world to be able to deal with the influence of climate change.

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Major Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement

There are some major Differences Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement that are as follows:

Kyoto Protocol

Paris Agreement

Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997 at the 3rd Conference of Parties (COP) held in Japan.

The Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015 at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP) held in Paris, France.

Kyoto Protocol came into force back in 2005.

Paris Agreement came into force on 4 November 2016.

The main objective of the Kyoto Protocol is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to prevent global warming.

The main objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C and to pursue efforts to keep it below 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, by reducing greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by 2050.

Kyoto Protocol has 192 parties who agreed to implement its provisions through national measures.

Paris Agreement has 197 parties who have ratified or acceded to the agreement and hence, agreed to implement its provisions through national measures or other means.

Kyoto's Protocol's first phase lasted till 2012.

The objectives of the Paris Agreement will be achieved between 2025 and 2030.

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The primary Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that the former is legally binding and the latter is not. With this in mind, both the agreements focus on conserving the environment by adopting different measures on an international level.

Both Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement are major steps toward combating environmental issues and saving our planet earth from global warming and its terrible effects.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement

Q1. Is there any Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement?

Yes, there is a major Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is an agreement made by all the countries worldwide to do their part in combating climate change, whereas the Kyoto Protocol only covered industrialized nations that were part of it.

Q2. What is the Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement in terms of legal foundation?

In terms of legal foundation, the major Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that compliance with targets under the Kyoto protocol is legally binding on participating countries that ratify it. However, the Paris Agreement is not legally binding.

Q3. What is the Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement in terms of their objectives?

The Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement in terms of their objectives is that the Paris Agreement covers climate change mitigation and adaptation and support for developing countries, whereas the Kyoto Protocol only had provisions for the mitigation of climate change.

Q4. What is the Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement regarding funding?

The Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement in terms of funding is that Paris Agreement requires developed countries to provide financial resources to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change, while the Kyoto Protocol did not include such provisions.