Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 18, 2022, 7:37

The primary responsibility of the country's government is to protect the nation. Every country makes a significant investment in developing intelligence agencies that collect intelligence and improve the country's security system.

The CIA of the United States, the KGB of Russia, the ISI of Pakistan, and the IB, NIA, and RAW of India are among the well-known agencies.

This blog will explore the Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency.

Intelligence Agencies and Investigation Agencies of India - Overview

Intelligence and investigation agencies both are important for a nation. Some of the important intelligence agencies include the Intelligence Bureau (IB), Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), and National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID), while investigation agencies include the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and National Investigation Agency (NIA).

The Intelligence Bureau can be traced back to the time of British rule in India. After the first war of independence in 1857, the intelligence group was formed with the goal of keeping an eye on developments of revolt among the soldiers. It was established in 1887 as the Central Special Branch following independence. RAW was established in 1968 as an external research and intelligence agency.

On the other hand, investigation agencies like the CBI are responsible for investigating crimes and arresting people involved in unlawful activities. The different branches of CBI include the Anti-Corruption Division, Special Crimes Division, Directorate of Prosecution, Economic Offences Division, Policy and Coordination Division, Administration Division, and Central Forensic Science Laboratory.

There are several differences between intelligence agencies and investigation agencies concerning their functions and roles. The following table focuses on some major Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency.

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Important Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency

Type of Agency

Intelligence Agency

Investigation Agency

Agencies

  • Intelligence Bureau (IB)
  • Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
  • National Investigation Agency (NIA)

Role

  • Gather intelligence
  • Research and analysis of intel
  • Counter-intelligence
  • Terrorist infiltration
  • VIP security
  • Carry out arrests and interrogations
  • Can investigate any occurrence that is classified as a crime under Indian Law

Power to Arrest

Cannot arrest or interrogate

Can carry out arrests

Incidents

  • Provide intel for other agencies
  • Keep an eye on suspicious activities and people
  • It obtains intelligence from humans, electronic devices, and covert informers.
  • Government corruption
  • Financial frauds
  • Murders or homicides
  • Terrorism (NIA solely works on anti-terrorism related probes)

Ways of working

Overt and covert means are used by intelligence agencies to work on operations

Do not work covertly

Workforce

Mostly classified

Not classified

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Nations develop intelligence and investigation agencies to protect themselves from internal and external threats. There is a stark Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency. Intelligence agencies collect intel or information while the investigation agencies take action on the information.

Both agencies play a big role in safeguarding the nation.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency

Q1. What is the Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency functions?

The Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency functions is that Intelligence agencies collect information or intel through covert operations while investigation agencies make arrests and interrogate based on the intel.

Q2. What is the Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency workforce?

The Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency workforce is that the workforce of intelligence agencies is mostly classified with their identities hidden from the general public, while the workforce working for investigation agencies can be found on their official website.

Q3. Is there a Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency working methods?

Yes, there is a Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency working methods. The intelligence agencies work covertly to get information. They cannot make arrests or interrogations. On the other hand, investigation agencies can arrest and interrogate the accused.

Q4. What is the Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency in terms of examples?

The Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency in terms of examples are: intelligence agencies include the Intelligence Bureau (IB), Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), and National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID), while investigation agencies include the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and National Investigation Agency (NIA).