Difference Between Indian and US Government

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 31, 2022, 10:18

Democracy is where people have the ultimate power to elect their state heads, and the Indian and the US governments are the best examples. India is the largest democracy globally, and the American democracy is the oldest. The US gained the status of a federal republic state in 1789, whereas India got the status of a socialist, sovereign, democratic, secular republic in the year 1950 via the enactment of the Constitution. Read the Difference Between Indian and US Government below.

Difference Between Indian and US Government & Comparison

Here, we shall try to analyze the Difference Between Indian and US Government.

ParametersIndian GovernmentUS Government
Nature of FederalismIndia is described as a Union of States in the Constitution, which contains both unitary and federal features. Thus, the Indian Constitution is quasi-federal.Although both Indian and American Governments are described as Federal states, the nature of federalism in the US is more rigid and strong than in India.

System of Governance

The Indian President is the nominal head with specified powers, while the Prime Minister is the real executive of the State. The Indian President is elected indirectly. The Prime Minister is elected for a tenure of five years till the time his political party enjoys a majority in the Lok Sabha.

In the US, the President is the only head of the Presidential Form of Government. The people directly elect the president of the US.

The President in the US is elected for a term of four years.

Party System

India has a complicated, multi-party system.

The US has a bi-party system.

Upper and Lower House

The Indian Legislature consists of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The lower house, called the Lok Sabha, is more powerful, whose members are directly elected by the people, while the Upper House - the Rajya Sabha, is elected indirectly every two years.

US legislature also has two houses known as the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Senate is the Upper House and is more powerful as per the US federal system. Its members are directly elected. The Senate is the strongest Upper House in the world.

Nature of the Constitution

The Constitution of India contains XXII parts, 395 articles, and ten schedules and lacks the rigidity of the US constitution.

The Constitution of the US is very rigid and precise, consisting of a few pages. It has been amended only 27 times owing to the rigidity of the process involved, while the Indian Constitution has been amended many times.

Judiciary System

The Indian judiciary system can be described as rapidly developing.

The judicial system in the US is very advanced.

Citizenship

The Indian Constitution thrives on single citizenship.

The US Constitution allows dual citizenship to its citizens. This means a US citizen can gain the citizenship of any other country along with the citizenship of the US.

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Thus, it is clear from the above discussion that although both Indian and American Governments follow some similar techniques in the running of their offices, there are striking differences that set them apart.

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FAQs on Difference Between Indian and US Government

Q.1 What is the primary Difference Between Indian and US Government?

The primary Difference Between Indian and US Government is that India has a parliamentary government while the US has a presidential form of government.

Q.2 What is the Difference Between Indian and US Government regarding the role of the President?

There is a significant Difference Between Indian and US Government concerning the President's role. In India, The Prime Minister is the executive head, and the President is the Constitutional head. But, in the US, the President is the sole executive head.

Q.3 What is the Difference Between Indian and US Government in terms of citizenship?

The Main Difference Between Indian and US Government in terms of citizenship is that in India, the principle of single citizenship is followed, while in the US, dual citizenship is allowed.

Q.4 What is the Difference Between Indian and US Government in terms of federalism?

The Indian Federation is not born from an agreement between states, while the US federation has resulted from an agreement between the states. The above is the main Difference Between Indian and US Government.