Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 15, 2022, 12:18

India offers a spectacle of natural landscapes. From highest mountain peaks, deserts, and plateaus, to deep valleys. Plateaus are flat and raised landforms. These landforms are found in both Himalayan and peninsular regions. Peninsula refers to a piece of land jutting into a water body and is surrounded by water from three sides.

There are several other Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau based on the location, formation, rivers, and much more.

Himalayan Plateau - Overview

The Himalayan plateau, also known as the Tibetan Plateau or the Roof of the World, is located in the northern region of India. It is around 4500 meters above sea level. On the other hand, the peninsular plateau is located in the southern region of India.

Recently, a team of scientists provided insights from their research on what makes the Himalayan-Tibetan plateau unique. The team reported that the Himalayan-Tibetan plateau largely contributes to understanding the formation of continental range-basin systems.

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Peninsular Plateau - Overview

Peninsular plateaus consist of igneous rocks and separate lava flows and are also referred to as Deccan traps. The peninsular plateaus are surrounded by the Western Ghats and Satpura Range of mountains.

The breaking and drifting of the Gondwana land, one of the plates formed after breaking the Panacea supercontinent, is believed to have formed the peninsular plateau.

The following table lists the Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau.

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Striking Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau

Parameter

Himalayan Plateau

Peninsular Plateau

Also Known As

  • Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau
  • The Roof of the World

Deccan Plateau

Located in

Northern Region

Southern Region

Type of region

Plateau with newly formed fold mountains.

Plateau is the oldest landmass

Formed by

Tectonic collision of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates.

  • Molten lava cooled and solidified into a rugged plateau.
  • Breaking down of the Gondwana land (ancient southern half region of the Pangean supercontinent)

Rivers origin

  • Rivers of the Himalayan plateau originate from the Himalayan ranges.
  • Snow-fed rivers
  • Perennial
  • Ganga and Brahmaputra
  • Rivers of the Peninsular plateau originate from the Western Ghats and Satpura range.
  • Rain-fed rivers
  • Non-perennial
  • Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari

Type of Valleys

  • Deep valleys
  • V-shaped
  • Shallow valleys
  • U- shaped

Marked with

Crescent arc shape region

Triangular tableland

Average Elevation

More than 14,800 feet

2,000 feet

Region composed of

Sedimentary rocks

Metamorphic and Igneous rocks

Stability

Highly unstable

Comparatively Stable

Hill Stations

Shimla, Nainital, Darjeeling

Ooty, Panchgani, Khandala

The Himalayan and Peninsular plateaus are two raised flat regions found in the north and south of India respectively. Both the regions were formed in different ways. There is a Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau concerning their location, elevation, and formation.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau

Q.1. What is the Main Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau?

The Main Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau is that the Himalayan plateau is formed from young fold mountains and is still continuously being formed while Peninsular Plateau is formed by the disintegration of an ancient Godawan land which was a part of the Panacea supercontinent.

Q.2. Is there a Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau with reference to location?

Yes, there is a Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau with reference to location. The Himalayan plateau is located in the north of India while the Peninsular plateau is located in the south of India.

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau stability?

The Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau in terms of stability is that the Himalayan region is continuously forming new fold mountains due to the subduction of tectonic plates so is considered to be unstable, whereas the Peninsular plateau is an ancient landmass and is highly stable.

Q.4. Is there a Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau with reference to rivers?

Yes, there is a Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau with reference to rivers. The rivers formed in the Himalayan region are snow-fed and perennial. Rivers in the Peninsular plateau on the other hand are rain-fed and non-perennial.