Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 15, 2022, 12:08

People often get into arguments and differences of opinion. At times, people get into disputes which lead to unwanted incidents. Any country needs to maintain law and order and provide its citizens with justice.

Judiciary System of India

The judiciary system is an important part of the government. It has a big responsibility in providing justice to the country's citizens. Maintaining law and order and protecting the rights of the citizens are the responsibilities of the judiciary system. To do so, the government has set up different types of courts. There is a Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court which will be discussed here.

Courts are where citizens report their disputes and grievances. The court provides citizens with justice without any prejudice. The laws are the same for all individuals, men, women, rich or poor. The judiciary system is independent, and no political party, higher authorities, or government can interfere in its decision. The Constitution of India states the measures required to ensure the judiciary system's independence.

☛ Also Read: Weekly Affairs Today

Judges and Types of Courts

Judges that provide justice to the citizens have a fixed tenure of service until they retire. They are provided with security of tenure under which they can ensure that they provide justice without any fear or favour.

There are different types of courts. This includes the Supreme Court, High Court, and District Courts. The Supreme Court is the highest in India, followed by the High Court and the District Courts. The Supreme Court is the final court to appeal. It is directed by the Chief Justice of India. The current Chief Justice of India is Honorable Mr Justice N.V. Ramana. There is a Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court.

Important UPSC Topics
UPSC ExamUPSC Exam Date
UPSC NotificationUPSC Eligibility
UPSC Online ApplicationUPSC Exam Pattern
UPSC SyllabusUPSC Previous Year Question Papers
UPSC Cut OffUPSC Preparation Strategy
UPSC BooksUPSC Exam Analysis
UPSC Admit CardUPSC Results

Important Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court

Name of Court

Supreme Court

High Court

Level

Apex Judicial Body

  • Intermediate Level of Court and comes under the Supreme Court
  • The highest court at State or UT level

No. of Courts

Only one

  • There can be one High Court for two or more states based on the area of jurisdiction.
  • 25 High Courts in India.

Located in

Capital of India, New Delhi

Present in their respective states

Appeal

Supreme Court provides the final verdict on the appeal

High Court decisions can be challenged, and the appeal can be taken to the Supreme Court.

Judges

32 judges, out of which one is the Chief Justice of India

1104 judges, out of which 271 are additional judges and 833 are permanent. The High court is headed by one chief justice of the state, appointed by the Governor

Head of the Court

Chief Justice of India

Chief Justice of State

Judges Appointed By

The President of India

The President of India on the consultation of the Chief Justice of India and the State Governor.

Judge Retirement Age

65 Years

62 Years

Article of the Constitution Followed to Deal with Writs

Article 32

Article 226

The judicial system is an important part of the country. In India, there are several levels of the judicial system at the district, state, and national levels. The Supreme Court is the apex body of the judicial system. This is followed by the High Courts and District Courts. The Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court is due to the levels of the judiciary system.

More Current Affairs Topics
Difference Between Sociology and AnthropologyCommon Electoral Roll And Simultaneous Elections
Difference Between Early Vedic Period and Later Vedic PeriodCommonwealth Day
Consolidated Sinking FundCornwall Consensus
Coronal Mass Ejections [CME]Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill 2022
Declassification War Histories IndiaCurrency Manipulation

FAQs on the Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court

Q.1) Is there a Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court?

Yes, there is a Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court such as The High Court functions at the state level. There can be one High Court for two or more states, depending on the jurisdiction. The Supreme Court is the highest body of the judiciary with one court.

Q.2) Is there a Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court in terms of locations?

Yes, there is a Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court in terms of locations such as The Supreme Court is located in the capital of India, New Delhi. High Courts are located in their respective states.

Q.3) What is the Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court appointments of judges?

The Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court appointments of judges is that the judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India. The judges of the High Court are also appointed by the President of India but with the consultation of the Chief Justice of India and the State Governor.

Q.4) What is the Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court in terms of the number of judges?

The Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court in terms of the number of judges is that the Supreme Court currently has 32 judges, including the Chief Justice of India. The High Courts have 1104 judges, out of which 271 are additional judges and 833 are permanent.