Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 13, 2022, 7:27

India is a very big country. Maintaining law and looking into the development of the country is important.

India is also divided into rural and urban sections. The urban areas are governed through Municipalities, while the rural areas have a Panchayati Raj system that looks into the local governance. This article will focus on the Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat, which are groups that come under the Panchayati Raj system.

Panchayati Raj - Overview

Panchayat assemblies were conducted in ancient India to organise the governance of the village. In 1992, the Panchayati Raj was formalised. The system of Panchayat Raj was included in the constitution through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992 and was effective from April 24, 1993.

Article 40 in the Constitution of India states that the village panchayats will be granted powers that allow them to function as independent units of self-governance. The first committee formed under the Panchayati Raj system was the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee.

The Panchayati Raj system works in almost every state except some states like Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Delhi.

The Gram Panchayat is part of Gram Sabha. The Gram Sabha takes care of several matters like finance, development, and expenditure. The Gram Panchayat organises meetings where matters related to the village and disputes among the villagers are discussed for resolution.

The Panchayat Raj is divided into three tiers: Zilla Parishad, Panchayat Samiti, and Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat is further divided into Nyaya Panchayat and Gram Sabha.

Gram Sabha is part of Gram Panchayat, and there is a Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms of functions and powers.

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Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat

Type of Committee

Gram Panchayat

Gram Sabha

Definition

Gram Panchayat is the committee that works at the village level. It is the lower level element of the Panchayati Raj.

Gram Sabha is the legislative body that works at the village level.

Tenure of the Committee

Gram Panchayat is a temporary body and is elected for five years.

It is a permanent body.

Functions

The main functions of Gram Panchayat include maintaining records, implementing government schemes, ensuring the welfare of the villagers, and collecting taxes.

Organises discussions on different plans of the Panchayat on several personal issues, and development schemes and keeps checks on the Panchayat.

Members elections

The election for the members of the Gram Panchayat is organised. The Gram Sabha elects the members.

There is no election held for electing the members of the Gram Sabha.

Members

The members of Gram Panchayat include the ward members and the Sarpanch.

All the adult members of the village (above the age of 18) and with voter IDs.

Meetings

Meeting every month

Mandatory two meetings in a year

India is a democratic country with several levels of governance. In urban regions, governance is guided through municipalities while in rural regions it is accomplished through the Panchayati Raj system. Gram Panchayat is a part of Gram Sabha that governs and looks into the development of the village.

Although both the committees work on the development of the village there is a Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat powers and functions. The Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat play a vital role in managing the internal matters of the village and reducing the significant burden on the shoulders of higher officials.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat

Q.1. Explain the Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms of members.

The Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms of members is that the Gram Sabha includes all villagers who are more than 18 years of age, whereas members of Gram Panchayat include the ward members and the Sarpanch only.

Q.2. Is there a Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms of the tenure of the Committee?

The Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms of the tenure of the Committee is that Gram Sabha is a permanent body, whereas Gram Panchayat is elected for a tenure of 5 years.

Q.3. Is there a Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms of the number of meetings held?

Yes, there is a Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms of the number of meetings held. Gram Sabha must organise two meetings in a year while Gram Panchayat organises one meeting every month.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms Number of elections?

The Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in terms Number of elections is that Gram Panchayat members are elected by the members of Gram Sabha. There are no elections conducted for Gram Sabha.