Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 8, 2022, 9:44

Coastal plains are the areas in India situated on the coastal borders of the subcontinent. The coastal plains in India are divided into two zones, the Eastern Coastal and the Western Coastal Plains.

This article looks at the Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains.

Eastern Coastal Plains

Lying between the mighty Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal, the Eastern Coastal Plains of India are further divided into three areas:

  1. Utkal Coast - Situated in Odisha; included within it are the deltas of Mahanadi, Brahmani, Baitarani rivers, and the Chilka Lake.
  2. Circar Coast - Northern part of the plains; consists of the deltas of Mahanadi, Godavari, and Krishna.
  3. Coromandel Coast - Southern part of the plains; consists of the delta of river Krishna to Kanyakumari.

Western Coastal Plains

The Western Coastal plains rest between the Eastern Ghats and the Arabian Sea. It is further divided into three zones:

  1. Konkan Coast - Covers areas from the Daman Ganga River in North Mumbai, through the river between Maharashtra and Goa called Terekhol river and to the Union Territory of Daman in the South.
  2. Canara Coast - Southern part of the Konkan coast; consists of three coastal districts of Karnataka, namely Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Uttara Kannada and Kasaragod Taluk of Kerala in southwestern India.
  3. Malabar Coast - Southern part of the Western Coastal plains stretches from Goa to Kanyakumari.
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Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains

 

Eastern Coastal Plains

Western Coastal Plains 

Divided 

The Eastern Coastal Plains are divided into three categories- the Utkal Coast, the Circar Coast, and the Coromandel Coast

The Western Coastal Plains are divided into three categories: the Konkan Coast, Canara Coast, and the Malabar Coast

Rivers 

Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri

Incidentally broken by certain hill terrains, this area does not contain any rivers of prominence

Lakes 

Chilka Lake in Orissa, Pulicat in Andhra Pradesh, and Kolleru 

The Western Coastal Plains are not bejewelled by prominent lakes like the Eastern Coastal Plains 

Land Fertility

The Eastern Coastal plains contain rivers Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri, that have built deltas along the eastern coast, giving rise to fertile alluvial soil

The Western Coastal plains lack prominent rivers flowing through the areas. The water bodies here are fast-flowing and short, resulting in the deposition of less alluvial soil in the region

Agriculture

Due to the deposition of rich alluvial soil along the eastern coast, the Eastern Coastal Plains are suitable for growing important crops such as rice, pulses, sugarcane, cotton, wheat, gram, and oilseeds (groundnut). Plantations of Coconut and Banana are widely found

Although not particularly fertile, this region is home to crops such as Great, Bajra, Jowar, Cotton, Millets, and Pulses

Land Stretch

Stretches from the Mahanadi in the State of Orissa to the Kaveri in the state of Tamil Nadu 

Stretches from the Rann of Kutch at the tip of Rajasthan to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu.

Surface Area 

Very wide and have a huge surface area of 41,400 km2.

Narrower and have a surface area of 6,150 km overall, which is much lesser compared to the Eastern Coastal Plains

Surface Type 

Very smooth because of the rich alluvial soft soils that the rivers in the region build up throughout the year

Covered in ridges and curves because of the presence of several rocky hills

Lies Between 

Lie between the mighty Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal

Lie between the Eastern Ghats and the Arabian Sea

 

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FAQs on the Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains?

The Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains is that while Eastern Coastal Plains stretch from Tamil Nadu through West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh, as well as Odisha, the Western Coastal Plains are a stretch of land extending between the west coast of India and Western Ghats Hills, whose starting point is near the Tapi River

Q.2. What is the Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains in terms of rivers?

The Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains in terms of rivers is that Eastern Coastal Plain contains rivers Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri, the Western Coastal Plains are broken by certain hill terrains and do not contain any rivers of prominence.

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains in surface area?

The Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains in terms of the surface area is that while the surface of the Eastern Coastal Plains is very smooth because of the rich alluvial soft soils that the rivers in the region build up throughout the year, the surface of the Western Coastal Plains is covered in ridges and curves because of the presence of several rocky hills.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains in terms of location?

The Difference Between Eastern Coastal Plains and Western Coastal Plains in terms of location is that while the Eastern Coastal Plains lie between the mighty Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal, the Western Coastal Plains rest between the Eastern Ghats and the Arabian Sea.